Colin Powell and Jeb Bush arrived in Thailand on Monday.
KNIGHT RIDDER NEWSPAPERS
LHOKNGA, Indonesia -- Relief workers struggled Monday to deliver desperately needed food, water and medical supplies to tsunami victims as President Bush enlisted two former presidents to lead a nationwide appeal for more help.
"America will be there to help," Bush said in announcing a private fund-raising effort headed by his father and former President Clinton.
On the other side of the world, humanitarian workers faced the daunting task of trying to get international aid to those who need it most. The sense of urgency was heightened by fears that homelessness, contaminated water and poor sanitation could lead to outbreaks of deadly diseases.
In Indonesia, the hardest hit country, crates of supplies stacked up in Jakarta while awaiting shipment to the overcrowded airport in Banda Aceh, a provincial capital on the island of Sumatra.
Nine military transport planes -- five Indonesian and one each from the United States, Australia, New Zealand and Singapore -- made aid runs Monday from Jakarta's Halim Air Base to Banda Aceh, but four other flights were canceled because of airport congestion or mechanical problems.
Frustrated soldiers sorted and piled up mountains of aid -- clothes stuffed into large rice bags and boxes of food -- that would have to wait for another day.
"It's difficult because so much stuff is coming here, and I just have a few sorties," said Indonesian Air Force Lt. Col. Fadjar, the head of terminal operations at the base. "Even if we get more aircraft, it will still be a problem because of the congestion here and in Banda Aceh."
Running out of room
At the adjoining civilian airport, so much aid has piled up that the collection center has stopped accepting donations for the time being.
One room was filled to the ceiling with boxes of instant noodles, all neatly stacked by volunteers. Bags of clothes were thrown into a huge pile in the airport terminal area, waiting to be catalogued and sorted.
"We cannot take all of this to Aceh," said Dewi Fatmawati, a 22-year-old recent college graduate who's helping to record all the donations. "We have to think of this as a long-term program to give aid to them over three months or up to a year, because that's the only way we can think."
Some items are being sent by ship from a Navy base outside Jakarta. The trip takes three days, but one ship hauls much more than a plane.
In Banda Aceh, four hours away by air, U.S. military crews and relief workers teamed up to load aid onto helicopters for delivery to remote villages that have been cut off from the rest of the world for more than a week.
"It's been eight days now since the tsunami, and we need to get the food and the water out as soon as possible," Navy Capt. Andrews Rice said, as a nearby team of sailors hustled to load boxes into a truck. "These people are getting very desperate."
Indonesian officials raised the death toll for their country from 80,000 to 94,081. The death toll in all 11 countries hit by tsunamis is expected to top 150,000.
Thousands still missing
"The devastation in the region defies comprehension," Bush said. "As many as 5 million people are thought to be homeless, or without food or shelter. Thousands more are missing, and millions are vulnerable to disease."
The private fund-raising drive was part of a White House effort to silence critics who've accused Bush of moving too slowly to confront the disaster. The president, who was taking a holiday break at his Texas ranch when the earthquake hit, remained silent for three days. After initially pledging $15 million in aid, the Bush administration upped the ante to $35 million, then to $350 million.
White House officials declined to set a target for the private fund-raising effort, which will seek donations from corporations and trust funds, as well as from individuals.
Bush, joined by his father, first lady Laura Bush and Clinton, visited the embassies of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand and India on Monday to express his condolences.
"We pray for the victims and families of this epic disaster. The American people and government stand with you as you recover and rebuild," he wrote in Thailand's condolence book.
In another display of presidential commitment to the relief effort, Secretary of State Colin Powell and Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, the president's brother, arrived in Thailand on Monday in the first stop of their tour of damaged areas.
Powell told reporters that more than 4,000 Americans remained unaccounted for.
, although he cautioned that the number reflects inquiries by concerned family members and will drop significantly. U.S. officials have confirmed 15 American deaths.