Today is Sunday, Jan. 2, the second day of 2005. There are 363 days left in the year. On this date in 1900, Secretary of State John Hay announces the "Open Door Policy" to facilitate trade with China.
In 1492, the leader of the last Arab stronghold in Spain surrenders to Spanish forces loyal to King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I. In 1921, religious services are broadcast on radio for the first time as KDKA in Pittsburgh airs the regular Sunday service of the city's Calvary Episcopal Church. In 1929, the United States and Canada reach agreement on joint action to preserve Niagara Falls. In 1935, Bruno Hauptmann goes on trial in Flemington, N.J., on charges of kidnapping and murdering the 20-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. (Hauptmann is found guilty, and executed.) In 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announces his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination. In 1965, the New York Jets sign University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath for a reported $400,000. In 1974, President Nixon signs legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 mph (however, federal speed limits are abolished in 1995). In 1983, the musical play "Annie," based on the "Little Orphan Annie" comic strip, closes on Broadway after a run of 2,377 performances.
January 2, 1980: The first trickle of people from the 1977 layoffs at the old Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. Campbell Works is beginning to show up at the Mahoning County Welfare Department. For the most part, the applicants have been women, says Ezell Armour, welfare director.
Gold soars to $562 an ounce on the London market, an increase of $37.50 in one day. The buying fever was attributed to uneasiness over the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the continuing Iranian crisis.
Teachers at the Mahoning County Joint Vocational School strike after failing to reach an accord on a new contract.
January 2, 1965: A deathless New Year's Eve on Mahoning County roads helped keep the 1964 traffic toll at 49, four below the 1963 toll.
Most Mahoning County taxpayers will pay only slightly higher taxes during calendar year 1965, reflecting voter approval of a countywide levy for the retarded. Increases ranged from 40 cents per $1,000 valuation to $3.90 in 40 of the 49 tax districts. Nine districts showed decreases.
Corry Dama, Youngstown's new 4th Ward councilman, is sworn in by Municipal Judge Martin P. Joyce. He replaces George Bindas, who was elected Mahoning County commissioner.
January 2, 1955: Ludwig Schartenberg, 50, owner of Ludwig's Sohio Station at 879 Wilson Ave. is shot dead at his station, apparently by a disgruntled employee.
J.L. Mauthe, president of Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co., predicts a good year in 1955, with an increase in production of about 10 percent. The steel industry's long-range outlook is very bright, he adds.
January 2, 1930: Youngstown Mayor Joseph L. Heffernan vetoes an ordinance giving Traction Commissioner Harry Engle a $300 increase in his salary of $5,700, saying it was out of proposition to others in the city. He signed an ordinance giving police and firemen $5-a-month increases.
The new Youngstown YMCA College building that will be built at 416 Wick Ave. will contain 20 classrooms, laboratories and a library, "Y" trustees reveal.