Today is Saturday, Feb. 19, the 50th day of 2005. There are 315 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, during World War II, some 30,000 U.S. Marines land on Iwo Jima, where they begin a monthlong battle to seize control of the island from Japanese forces.
In 1803, Congress votes to accept Ohio's borders and constitution. In 1807, former Vice President Aaron Burr is arrested in Alabama. (He is subsequently tried for treason and acquitted.) In 1846, the Texas state government is formally installed in Austin. In 1878, Thomas Edison receives a patent for his phonograph. In 1881, Kansas becomes the first state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages. In 1942, President Roosevelt signs an executive order giving the military the authority to relocate and intern Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals living in the United States. In 1942, about 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin. In 1963, the Soviet Union informs President Kennedy it would withdraw "several thousand" of an estimated 17,000 Soviet troops in Cuba. In 1986, the U.S. Senate approves a treaty outlawing genocide, 37 years after the pact had first been submitted for ratification. In 1997, Deng Xiaoping, the last of China's major Communist revolutionaries, dies.
February 19, 1980: The Jackson-Milton Board of Education's removal of seven books from the high school library touches off a debate over whether the act amounted to unwarranted and possibly illegal censorship. The books include "Catcher in the Rye," "To Sir with Love" and "Slaughterhouse Five."
Presidential candidate Ronald Reagan apologizes for telling a joke on his campaign bus that involved a Pole, an Italian and the Mafia, but adds that he'll put his stand on bigotry and prejudice against that of anyone in the country.
At least 13 students from the Robert Bycroft School for the Retarded near Lisbon are taken to East Liverpool City Hospital for treatment of injuries received when their school bus went off Route 45 and overturned.
February 19, 1965: The Rt. Rev. Msgr. John G. Hamrack, 69, pastor of St. Mathias Church for 27 years, dies at the rectory after a long illness.
A tunnel under construction at Cedar Street to carry interceptor sewer lines from the North Side under the Mahoning River collapses, trapping a Hubbard man for three hours. Franklin Newman, 28, was trapped in clay and rock up to his shoulders. He and another worker, Parmer McGuire, who was extracted quickly, are in South Side Hospital in fair condition.
February 19, 1955: Four sportcoat-clad gunmen hold up the Golden Dawn Market in Kinsman, escaping with $1,200 from the crowded store and its customers.
The Chordettes, riding a popularity wave with their recording of "Mr. Sandman," won't be on stage for a while. One of the quartet, Lynn Evans of Youngstown, caught chickenpox from her son. While she was recuperating, the other three went skiing, during which a second member of the troupe, Carol Bushman, broke her leg.
The Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. promises $1,000 to the Campaign for Freedom, boosting its local drive to $1,700.
February 19, 1930: John Gillen, 23-year-old son of Warren Police Chief Barney J. Gillen, is crushed to death in the jaws of a clam shell conveyor at the open hearth plant of the Republic Iron & amp; Steel Co.
Mayor Joseph Heffernan calls on the B & amp;O Railroad to proceed with the announced construction of a $2 million terminal building in downtown Youngstown, noting that the city undertook the building of the Division Street Bridge on a definite promise from the railroad that a terminal would be built.
About a half-dozen hawkers on Youngstown's downtown streets appear to be making a living by selling sheet music of Broadway songs for 10 cents. Other peddlers are offering toy balloons and automatic knitting needles. Police chief Paul Lyden says the sellers will be arrested if they don't have the proper licenses.