Today is Saturday, Feb. 12, the 43rd day of 2005. There are 322 days left in the year. On this date in 1809, Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, is born in present-day Larue County, Ky.
In 1554, Lady Jane Grey, who'd claimed the throne of England for nine days, and her husband, Guildford Dudley, are beheaded after being condemned for high treason. In 1733, English colonists led by James Oglethorpe found Savannah, Ga. In 1870, women in the Utah Territory gain the right to vote. In 1892, President Lincoln's birthday is declared a national holiday. In 1909, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded. In 1915, the cornerstone for the Lincoln Memorial is laid in Washington. In 1924, George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue" premieres in New York. In 1968, "Soul on Ice" by Eldridge Cleaver is first published. In 1973, the first release of American prisoners of war from the Vietnam conflict takes place. In 1999, the Senate votes to acquit President Clinton of perjury and obstruction of justice; Clinton tells Americans he is "profoundly sorry" for what he'd said and done in the Monica Lewinsky affair that triggered it all.
February 12, 1980: The state auditor's office warns the city of Warren that it has been using restricted funds to pay for salaries and other operating expenses. The city has been ordered to transfer $515,837 to the proper accounts.
More than 200 Shenango Valley residents brave sub-freezing temperatures and snow to mark the 100th day of the captivity of American hostages being held in Iran. The 100th flag honoring the hostages is raised at Hillcrest Memorial Park during American Hostage Day in Hermitage.
The domestic steel industry could lose 56,100 jobs by 1985 if automakers continue to reduce the weight of cars to meet federal fuel economy standards, a study by the General Account Office reports.
February 12, 1965: Robert F. Doolittle, vice president of Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co., says the steel industry has made great progress in the last decade toward improving water quality in the Mahoning River.
North Vietnam claims to have captured a U.S. pilot after his plane was shot down about 50 miles north of the border with South Vietnam. The pilot is identified as Lt. Cmdr. Robert Shumaker, a Navy pilot from New Wilmington, Pa. His brother, Thomas, said Cmdr. Shumaker had barely missed being accepted as an astronaut for the Apollo space program.
February 12, 1955: The Hollywood movie colony will turn out somewhat reluctantly for the first telecast in history of the Academy Awards ceremony. Jan Sterling, nominated for "The High and the Mighty," asked her dressmaker to whip up something flashy enough for a winner but subdued enough for a loser. NBC-TV has promised to train its camera only on the winner, not the losers.
Youngstown's growing population is going to need additional hospital facilities, Superintendent David A. Endres tells trustees of the Youngstown Hospital Association. The new demand is anticipated by 1960, and Endres points out that it takes five years to plan, raise funds and build a major hospital addition.
Weekly before-school prayer sessions held at Calvary Baptist Church for South High students are growing in popularity. About 14 students attended the first one; now about 30 attend regularly. The 20-minute meetings start at 7:45.
February 12, 1930: Sol Jagoda, 21, formerly of Youngstown, is seriously injured by police during a riot by jobless communists in Cleveland. Jagoda, a member of the Communistic Council for the Unemployed, is in the jail ward of Cleveland City Hospital with a broken spine and lacerations of the head.
Lawrence County's 79-year-old courthouse may not be safe for the crowds expected at the trial of Irene Schrader and Glen Dague, accused in the shooting of state Patrolman Brady Paul near New Castle. William Nunn, a real estate dealer, says that during the William Ryhal trial a few years ago the floor sank several inches, after which only temporary repairs were made.
Eight captains from station houses all over Youngstown take an examination that will determine which of them will be promoted to the position of third assistant chief.