Today is Tuesday, Feb. 8, the 39th day of 2005. There are 326 days left in the year. On this date in 1915, D.W. Griffith's groundbreaking as well as controversial silent movie epic about the Civil War, "The Birth of a Nation," premieres in Los Angeles.
In 1587, Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle in England after she is implicated in a plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I. In 1693, a charter is granted for the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va. In 1904, the Russo-Japanese War, a conflict over control of Manchuria and Korea, begins as Japanese forces attack Port Arthur. In 1922, President Harding has a radio installed in the White House. In 1924, the first execution by gas in the United States takes place at the Nevada State Prison in Carson City. In 1968, three college students are killed in a confrontation with highway patrolmen in Orangeburg, S.C., during a civil rights protest against a whites-only bowling alley. In 1974, the three-man crew of the Skylab space station returns to Earth after spending 84 days in space.
February 8, 1980: Don L. Hanni Jr., defense attorney for Steven Masters, attacks the Boardman Police Department investigation into the murder of Masters' wife, Jodi, pointing out that police never had a box of shells found in the bedroom where her body was found checked for fingerprints.
Youngstown Municipal Judge Leo P. Morley sets bail of $4,500 for nine of 10 May Day socialists arrested during protests against steel mill shutdowns. The high bonds spark a new set of protests outside City Hall.
Ohio Liquor Control agents raid the Zebra Lounge on Parkman Road in Warren while a wet T-shirt contest was going on. The owner of the bar was cited for allowing improper conduct -- patrons exposing their breasts in a liquor establishment -- and sale to minors.
February 8, 1965: James A. Henderson, 81, one of the pioneers in the automobiles business in Youngstown and a leading civic figure for nearly 60 years, dies at his home on Ottawa Drive after a series of heart attacks.
Dr. Howard W. Jones, president of Youngstown University, is honored as "Man of the Year" by the Chesterton Club.
The American Medical Association's House of Delegates rejects the Johnson administration's proposal for Medicare, a federal program to provide health care to the elderly. The AMA supports a program it calls eldercare, which would be administered through the states, using private health agencies.
February 8, 1955: The Youngstown Board of Education advertises for new lighting at South and Rayen athletic fields. The improvements are expected to cost $55,000.
Mahoning County commissioners file a vigorous protest with State Highway Director S.O. Linzell over the poor condition of new paving on Market Street, which is being widened from Southern Boulevard to Boardman Center.
Rep. Guy C. Hiner, R-Stark County, wants the Ohio Supreme Court to rule on pari-mutuel wagering on horse races in the state, contending it is a violation of the state constitution. Gov. Frank Lausche, meanwhile, wants to expand horse race gambling which provides the state with $5 million in annual revenue.
February 8, 1930: South High Coach R.G. "Busty" Ashbaugh blames outsiders for a wrangle between fans at the East High-South basketball game at Rayen-Wood Auditorium. Fighting broke out after a young fan shoved Ashbaugh and the coach responded by picking him up and carrying him to Officer Miller, who placed the youth under arrest.
Eight young lawyers in Mahoning County, four in Alliance and one in Trumbull County, pass the state bar examination.
One of four youthful bandits who staged a series of daring holdups in New Castle is believed to have been wounded during a running gun battle with Beaver Falls police near Morado Park. The bandits' car escaped, but police are sure at least one of the occupants was badly wounded.