Today is Thursday, Feb. 3, the 34th day of 2005. There are 331 days left in the year. On this date in 1959, a plane crashes near Clear Lake, Iowa, claming the lives of rock-and-roll stars Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson.
In 1690, the first paper money in America is issued by the colony of Massachusetts. (The currency is used to pay soldiers fighting a war against Quebec.) In 1783, Spain recognizes U.S. independence. In 1809, the territory of Illinois is created. In 1913, the 16th Amendment to the Constitution, providing for a federal income tax, is ratified. In 1916, Canada's original Parliament Buildings, in Ottawa, burn down. In 1917, the United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany, which has announced a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. In 1924, the 28th president of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, dies in Washington at age 67. In 1930, the chief justice of the United States, William Howard Taft, resigns for health reasons. In 1943, during World War II, the U.S. transport ship "Dorchester," carrying troops to Greenland, sinks after being hit by a torpedo. (Four Army chaplains give their life belts to four other men, and go down with the ship.) In 1994, the space shuttle Discovery lifts off, carrying Sergei Krikalev, the first Russian cosmonaut to fly aboard a U.S. spacecraft.
February 3, 1980: Warren JFK cagers, already high in state rankings, reinforce their claim to recognition by defeating Canfield, 81-47, in a Mahoning Valley Conference game. The Eagles; overall mark is 15-0 and 5-0 in the loop.
Mahoning County commissioners are divided in their opinion on proposed legislation that would mandate expanding the county commission and electing an executive. Commissioners Thomas J. Barrett and John Palermo want to know more, but George Bindas believes the legislation is inappropriate.
February 3, 1965: Clarence L. Blasler of North Canton, national Jaycee vice president, tells Ohio Junior Chamber of Commerce members at the Pick-Ohio Hotel that President Johnson's proposed Great Society has a strong similarity to the U.S. Socialist Party platform, with proposals for aid to housing, education and community service.
A fire of unknown origin destroys a barn and costly machinery at the farm of Darrell Bacon on Beard Road and kills 15 pigs and six beef cattle. Volunteers managed to lead about 40 pigs to safety, but couldn't get to the rest of the livestock.
February 3, 1955: Making his first speech before Youngstown City Council as director of finance, Nicholas P. Bernard tells legislators that "strict economy must be the watchword this year, because the city faces a dark financial picture in 1956."
The Pennsylvania Railroad's Gotham Limited, the crack Chicago to New York 16-car passenger train, derails at Leetonia, with six cars leaving the tracks. One woman was reported slightly injured.
February 3, 1930: Youngstown congregations and religious bodies contributed nearly $1.4 million during 1929 for the support of churches and temples in the city, figures compiled by The Vindicator Show. The amount does not include missionary subscriptions and other money sent out of the city.
A delegation of Youngstown business and industrial men arrives in Washington armed with statistics to show that Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley need water transportation in the way of a lake-to-river canal.
Chief Justice William Howard Taft resigns from the U.S. Supreme Court in a letter submitted to President Hoover by his son, Robert A. Taft. The chief justice is reported in ill health.