Today is Wednesday, Feb. 2, the 33rd day of 2005. There are 332 days left in the year. This is Groundhog Day. On this date in 1943, the remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrender in a major victory for the Soviets in World War II.
In 1536, the Argentine city of Buenos Aires is founded by Pedro de Mendoza of Spain. In 1653, New Amsterdam -- now New York City -- is incorporated. In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican War, is signed. In 1870, the "Cardiff Giant," supposedly the petrified remains of a human discovered in Cardiff, N.Y., is revealed to be nothing more than carved gypsum. In 1876, the National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs is formed in New York. In 1882, Irish poet and novelist James Joyce is born near Dublin. In 1897, fire destroys the Pennsylvania state capitol in Harrisburg. (A new statehouse is dedicated on the same site nine years later.) In 1945, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill depart Malta for the summit in Yalta with Soviet leader Josef Stalin. In 1971, Idi Amin assumes power in Uganda, following a coup that ousted President Milton Obote. In 1996, dancer, actor and choreographer Gene Kelly dies at his Beverly Hills, Calif., home; he was 83.
February 2, 1980: A congressional hearing sets in motion a new move to save U.S. Steel's Youngstown Works -- through enforcement or strengthening of antitrust laws that would force the company to give serious consideration to a bid by employees to buy the facilities.
Sidney S. Moyer, 80, of Ravine Drive, area business consultant, civic leader and retired clothing manufacturer, dies in St. Elizabeth Hospital.
February 2, 1965: Falling temperatures allow ice skating at Youngstown's rinks at Borts Field and Wick, Lincoln and South Side parks, but the ice at Crandall and Lincoln lakes is still too thin to permit skating.
Jackson-Milton School District, envisioning a population explosion with the opening of the General Motors Lordstown assembly plant, is planning a new $840,000 high school to accommodate increased enrollment.
Msgr. William Nash, 83, pastor of St. Edward Church in Youngstown for more than 30 years, dies in Hollywood, Fla.
February 2, 1955: Nine persons are injured in an accident involving a Greyhound bus and a dairy truck in old Route 422 about a mile south of Route 305 near Warren. Two women and two men remain hospitalized.
John S. Andrews, manager of Associates Discount Corp., is elected volunteer chairman of the Mahoning Chapter, American Red Cross.
Construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway is spurring new interest in construction of a Lake Erie-Ohio River belt conveyor line and the Ohio legislature will hold hearings on the proposal. Railroads are mounting heavy opposition to the project.
February 2, 1930: Youngstown police believe they are breaking the back of the clearing house lottery salesmen, arresting 16 operators and salesmen in the course of a week.
Dr. Arthur G. Hyde, superintendent of the Massillon state hospital, says the state may soon build a new hospital for the insane in the Youngstown area.