Today is Tuesday, Feb. 1, the 32nd day of 2005. There are 333 days left in the year. On this date in 2003, the space shuttle Columbia breaks up during re-entry, killing all seven of its crew members: commander Rick Husband; pilot William McCool; payload commander Michael Anderson; engineer Kalpana Chawla; David Brown; Laurel Clark; and Ilan Ramon, the first Israeli in space.
In 1861, Texas votes to secede from the Union. In 1893, inventor Thomas A. Edison completes work on the world's first motion picture studio, his "Black Maria," in West Orange, N.J. In 1920, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police comes into existence. In 1943, one of America's most highly decorated military units of World War II, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, made up almost entirely of Japanese-Americans, is authorized. In 1946, Norwegian statesman Trygve Lie is chosen to be the first secretary-general of the United Nations. In 1960, four black college students begin a sit-in protest at a lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C., where they'd been refused service. In 1968, during the Vietnam War, Saigon's police chief (Nguyen Ngoc Loan) executes a Viet Cong officer with a pistol shot to the head in a scene captured in a famous news photograph. In 1979, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini receives a tumultuous welcome in Tehran as he ends nearly 15 years of exile. In 1979, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst, whose prison sentence for bank robbery had been commuted by President Carter, leaves a federal prison near San Francisco. In 1991, 35 people are killed when a USAir jetliner crashes atop a commuter plane on a runway at Los Angeles International Airport.
February 1, 1980: The House-Senate Rail Oversight Committee is expected to vote on whether to build a high-speed rail test track from Warren to Ashtabula. Officials from Warren, Youngstown and Ashtabula pushed hard for the Warren-Ashtabula run over one proposed between Marion and Kenton.
President Carter's special envoy Clark Clifford issues a stern warning to the Kremlin that if the Red Army moves from Afghanistan toward the Persian Gulf, "that means war."
February 1, 1965: I.W. Abel, candidate for president of the United Steelworkers union, tells 500 supporters at a campaign rally in Youngstown's Mural Room that a victory by his forces would "revitalize the American labor movement."
The New Middletown Farmers & amp; Sportsmen's Club unveils its $20,000 clubhouse. The club also has a 10-acre lake stocked with Northern pike, bass and other game fish.
February 1, 1955: U.S. Rep. Michael J. Kirwan of Youngstown begins his fifth term as chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. He was elected unanimously after being nominated by Speaker Sam Rayburn.
Chester Bailey, chairman of the Mahoning County Republican Party, says he discouraged Donald J. Lewis from running for Youngstown mayor because Bailey and other party officials did not think Lewis could win in the general election.
February 1, 1930: The Youngstown Public Library ended its 1929 operations with a balance of $1.32, the difference between total receipts of $120,384.66 and expenditures of $120,383.34.
Independent steel producers are increasing operations again, bringing average steel output for Youngstown mills to better than 75 percent. Republic Steel Corp. announces an increase of 10 percent and Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube has an increase of 5 percent.