Today is Wednesday, Aug. 31, the 243rd day of 2005. There are 122 days left in the year. On this date in 1886, an earthquake rocks Charles-ton, S.C., killing up to 110 people.
In 1887, Thomas A. Edison receives a patent for his "Kinetoscope," a device which produces moving pictures. In 1888, Mary Ann Nicholls is found murdered in London's East End in what is generally regarded as the first slaying committed by "Jack the Ripper." In 1954, Hurricane Carol hits the northeastern Atlantic states. Connecticut, Rhode Island and part of Massachusetts bear the brunt of the storm, which kills 70 people. In 1969, boxer Rocky Marciano dies in a light airplane crash in Iowa, a day before his 46th birthday. In 1980, Poland's Solidarity labor movement is born with an agreement signed in Gdansk that ends a 17-day-old strike. In 1985, Richard Ramirez, later convicted of California's "Night Stalker" killings, is captured by residents of an East Los Angeles neighborhood.
August 31, 1980: While most students in the five-county Youngstown area are slated to return to classes, opening day is in doubt in Boardman, Hubbard and Leetonia, where negotiations between teacher unions and boards of education are reportedly far apart.
There's a church-building boom going on in Trumbull County, with permits taken out for at least seven church buildings in the first half of the year. Most notable is "The Church" being built under the leadership of the Rev. Stanley Scott of Leavittsburg on Bazetta Road in Bazetta Township. The 18,000-square-foot facility on a 110-acre site will have solar panel heating.
August 31, 1965: The booming Youngstown-Warren district has had a sharp increase in population in the last five years, the Ohio Department of Development reports. The population of Mahoning and Trumbull counties grew from 509,006 to 545,722 between 1960 and 1965.
"Automatic" Sprinkler Co. of Youngstown makes a bid of $26 million in convertible "Automatic" stock to acquire the assets of Whitin Machine Works of Whitinsville, Mass.
Austintown Township trustees unanimously approve a zone change to allow construction of a $5.5 million apartment-recreation complex on 50 acres of land off Mahoning Avenue opposite the Austintown Plaza and West Side Drive-In Theater.
August 31, 1955: Youngstown district residents contribute more than 10 tons of food, furniture and clothing to the American Legion's flood relief drive, but Ralph LaCivita, one of the Youngstown Legionnaires who helped deliver the donations to East Stroudsburg, Pa., says it is just a drop in the bucket.
A Cleveland bond house, McDonald & amp; Co., is the best of six bidders for the $900,000 Mahoning County jail and office building bond issue.
August 31, 1930: Youngstown Councilman Jerry Sullivan suggests that a collection service for ash, rubbish and garbage be established, financed from an assessment levied on the foot frontage of all property in the city.
H.W. Warwick, secretary of the Beaver-Mahoning-Shenango Improvement Association, says opening of navigation of the Beaver, Mahoning and Shenango rivers would bring great benefits to wage earners in the tri-valley district through steadier employment.