Today is Tuesday, Aug. 23, the 235th day of 2005. There are 130 days left in the year. On this date in 1927, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed in Boston for the murders of two men during a 1920 robbery. (Sacco and Vanzetti are vindicated in 1977 by Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis.)
In 1754, France's King Louis XVI is born at Versailles. In 1914, Japan declares war against Germany in World War I. In 1926, silent film star Rudolph Valentino dies in New York at age 31. In 1939, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty. In 1944, Romanian Prime Minister Ion Antonescu is dismissed by King Michael, paving the way for Romania to abandon the Axis in favor of the Allies. In 1960, Broadway librettist Oscar Hammerstein II dies in Doylestown, Pa. In 1972, the Republican national convention, meeting in Miami Beach, Fla., nominates President Nixon and Vice President Spiro T. Agnew for a second term. In 1982, Lebanon's parliament elects Christian militia leader Bashir Gemayel president. (However, Gemayel is assassinated some three weeks later.) In 1989, in a case that inflames racial tensions in New York City, Yusuf Hawkins, a 16-year-old black youth, is shot dead after he and his friends are confronted by white youths in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn. In 1995, during a memorial service at Fort Myer, Va., President Clinton eulogizes three U.S. diplomats killed in a road accident near Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and vows to carry on the struggle for peace in the Balkans; Life magazine photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt dies on Martha's Vineyard at age 96.
August 23, 1980: U.S. District Judge Leroy J. Conti Jr. denies an attempt by the Youngstown Chapter of the NAACP to stop the Youngstown City School District from closing five schools and consolidating others.
Paul N. Wigton, vice president of steel operations for Republic Steel Corp., tells 522 graduates of Youngstown State University that the revitalization of America can be an exciting time in the nation's history, but it will take good men and women working with the miracles of technology to be a success.
The board of directors of the Chicago White Sox approves the sale of the club to the DeBartolo family of Youngstown for $20 million. DeBartolo already owns the San Francisco 49ers football team and Pittsburgh Penguins hockey franchise.
August 23, 1965: Rep. Clarence J. Brown, R-Ohio, a newspaper publisher active in Republican politics for half a century, dies in Washington, D.C., at the age of 70.
Thomas H. Murray Jr., 75, a prominent contractor and former president of Heller-Murray Construction Co., dies in South Side Hospital. He was a past president of the Youngstown Rotary Club and a civic leader.
An unidentified burglar is shot and killed by two shotgun blasts after the owner of Young's Bar-B-Q surprises the burglar inside the McCartney Road restaurant.
August 23, 1955: A 22-year-old airman from Farrell, Pa., Stephen Branzovish, will fight a move by the Air Force to discharge him on the grounds that he is a security risk because his father was once a Communist.
A second-degree manslaughter charge is filed against a young Warren man who was driving a car that collided with that of a Youngstown teacher in W. Federal St. The Warren youth was reported racing with another car at the time of the crash.
Because a restaurant supervisor thought they were Negroes, India's ambassador to the United States and his secretary were asked to leave the dining room of a swank restaurant at Houston International Airport. Texas law forbids serving Negroes and white people in the same room. Witnesses said the ambassador and his secretary smiled at the request and followed the hostess to a separate serving area without complaint.
August 23, 1930: Forces opposing strict law enforcement are believed to be behind the planting of a bomb at the home of Mayor Joseph Heffernan, 221 Hilton Ave. The device was discovered by the mayor's 4-year-old son and 7-year-old daughter while they were playing in the yard.
The Mahoning Gladiolus Society is staging one of its finest shows ever, and one of the finest in the nation, at the Central Auditorium. Mrs. A.H. Austin's prize-winning entry comprised five vases, each with 10 spikes of one variety, colors ranging from radiant orange to ruffled pink.
Mill operations in the Youngstown district are improving slightly with an increasing demand for flat-rolled products.