Today is Monday, Aug. 22, the 234th day of 2005. There are 131 days left in the year. On this date in 1775, Britain's King George III proclaims the American colonies in a state of open rebellion.
In 1787, inventor John Fitch demonstrates his steamboat on the Delaware River to delegates of the Continental Congress. In 1846, the United States annexes New Mexico. In 1851, the schooner America outraces the Aurora off the English coast to win a trophy that comes to be known as the America's Cup. In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. chief executive to ride in an automobile, in Hartford, Conn. In 1911, it is announced in Paris that Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" had been stolen from the Louvre Museum the night before. (The painting turns up two years later, in Italy.) In 1956, President Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon are nominated for second terms in office by the Republican national convention in San Francisco. In 1978, President Jomo Kenyatta, a leading figure in Kenya's struggle for independence, dies; Vice President Daniel Arap Moi is sworn in as acting president. In 1985, 55 people die when fire breaks out aboard a British Airtours charter jet on a runway at Manchester Airport in England. In 1989, Black Panther co-founder Huey P. Newton is shot to death in Oakland, Calif. (Gunman Tyrone Robinson is later sentenced to 32 years to life in prison.)
August 22, 1980: Youngstown Mayor George Vukovich says about 125 city employees can expect to be laid off at the end of the month, but a department-by-department breakdown hasn't been completed.
U.S. Rep. Lyle Williams, R-19th, and state Sen. Harry Meshel, D-Youngstown, have injected a new element in their race for Congress -- a race to give out tax credits for buying American cars. Williams would give a federal income tax credit covering 10 percent of the state sales tax paid on a new American car; Meshel would cut Ohio's 4 percent sales tax in half for car buyers.
William G. Lyden Jr., president of Lyden Oil Co. of Youngstown, is fined $5,000 and given a year's probation for illegally giving U.S. Rep. Charles J. Carney a gasoline credit card on which Carney made charges of more than $10,000 over the years.
August 22, 1965: The honeymoon is just about over for Youngstown district steel plants that have been working at a frenzied pace for months, keeping 45,000 steelworkers on the job. Mills were operating at 100 percent of capacity, the highest level since 1959.
Fuel cells that use hydrogen and oxygen to create electricity are the hope of any long duration space flight, say engineers at Cape Kennedy. Trouble with the cells is delaying blastoff for Gemini 5, which is scheduled to make an eight-day trip into space.
Clerks in the Mahoning County Courthouse had expected to see a surge in marriage applications with the increased threat of military draft, but so far marriage licenses are being issued at a normal pace.
August 22, 1955: A Youngstown teacher is killed and nine other people are injured when a car loaded with teenagers returning from a dance swung too wide during a race with an another auto and crashed head on into the teacher's car in West Federal St. Dead is Miss Martha Jane Jahn, 29, a fifth grade teacher at Monroe School.
Hartzell's, clothier to men and boys at its downtown store, opens a Hartzell's Youth Center in the Uptown area, which will include girls clothing among its wares.
Youngstown Mayor Frank X. Kryzan pledges to help Gov. Frank J. Lausche in any way possible in closing Vince DeNiro's plush gambling joint on Route 422.
August 22, 1930: Central Public Service Corp. announces it has placed a $2.5 million order with Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. for electric welded pipe to be produced at the steel company's new plant under construction at Girard.
Cyrus Eaton, 46-year-old Cleveland industrialist, takes the stand in a crowded Mahoning County courtroom and testifies that he and his Republic Steel Corp. had other plans for Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. than a merger between Youngstown and Bethlehem Steel Corp.
A $4 million aviation corporation that will be headed by Paul Wick of Youngstown will be formed through the merger of four aviation companies, including Ohio Air Transport of Youngstown and Pittsburgh Airways Inc. of Pittsburgh.