Today is Sunday, Aug. 21, the 233rd day of 2005. There are 132 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, President Truman ends the Lend-Lease program that had shipped some $50 billion in aid to America's allies during World War II.
In 1831, former slave Nat Turner leads a violent insurrection in Virginia. (He is later executed.) In 1858, the famous debates between senatorial contenders Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas begins. In 1878, the American Bar Association is founded in Saratoga, N.Y. In 1904, jazz musician and bandleader William "Count" Basie is born in Red Bank, N.J. In 1940, exiled Communist revolutionary Leon Trotsky dies in Mexico City from wounds inflicted by an assassin. In 1944, the United States, Britain, the Soviet Union and China open talks at Dumbarton Oaks in Washington that help pave the way for establishment of the United Nations. In 1959, President Eisenhower signs an executive order proclaiming Hawaii the 50th state of the union. In 1984, Democratic vice-presidential nominee Geraldine Ferraro appears before reporters in Queens, New York, to field questions about her family's finances. In 1991, the hard-line coup against Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev collapses in the face of a popular uprising led by Russian federation President Boris N. Yeltsin. In 1993, in a serious setback for NASA, engineers lose contact with the Mars Observer spacecraft as it is about to reach the Red Planet on a $980 million mission.
August 21, 1980: Ohio's unemployment rate hits double digits for the first time in five years and the jobless rate in Youngstown is predicted to stay in the 12 percent to 15 percent range for the foreseeable future.
Seventy-five persons who live in Boardman's Tanglewood Drive area file suit in Common Pleas Court in an effort to overturn the Mahoning County Planning Commission's approval of multiple-family housing on a section of Tanglewood.
A gang of young people, one posing as a policeman, invade two apartments at 2122 Oak Hill Ave., taking two television sets and a stereo as they left.
August 21, 1965: Frank C. Watson, president of the Youngstown Area Chamber of Commerce, urges 372 graduates of Youngstown University to help make Youngstown and their alma mater prosper in the years ahead.
Robert B. Nevin, 70, counsel for the Legal Aid Society and a Youngstown Municipal Court judge for 19 years, dies in North Side Hospital after a long illness.
John Lutheran, 10, of Struthers dies of head injuries suffered when he fell from the back of a bread truck he and a young friend were hitching a ride on. The 18-year-old driver of the truck said he had warned youngsters before not to jump on the back of the truck as it made stops on its route.
August 21, 1955: All 241 miles of the Ohio Turnpike, stretching from the Pennsylvania border to the Indiana line, will be completed within a week. Officially, the entire turnpike will be open to traffic Oct. 1.
A 17-year-old Eaton, N.J., airman stationed at the Youngstown jet base confesses to the brutal lovers lane murder of Sylvia Tanner, 15, in Warren on July 27.
The Youngstown district's hottest weekend climaxes one of the hottest summers on record, with temperatures reaching 97 degrees, breaking the previous record for the date of 92 degrees.
An estimated 10,000 Shriners and their families from seven counties pour into Sharon for the mammoth ceremonial celebration sponsored by the Zem Zem Temple of Erie. Thousands line State Street for the colorful parade.
August 21, 1930: Dreams of freedom are lost for seven prisoners in the Mahoning County Jail when the key to their escape plan is discovered -- four saw blades concealed in the shoe of the wife of one of the prisoners when she came to visit.
The average industrial wage paid in Youngstown is $1,700 a year, the third highest among the 12 leading cities in the country, reports a survey by Dorrance, Sullivan and Co. of New York. Only Flint, Mich., at $1,770, and Miami, Fla., at $1,720, surpass Youngstown.