Today is Saturday, Aug. 20, the 232nd day of 2005. There are 133 days left in the year. On this date in 1968, the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact nations begin invading Czechoslovakia to crush the "Prague Spring" liberalization drive of Alexander Dubcek's regime.
In 1833, Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd president of the United States, is born in North Bend, Ohio. In 1866, President Andrew Johnson formally declares the Civil War over, months after the fighting had stopped. In 1914, German forces occupy Brussels, Belgium, during World War I. In 1918, Britain opens its offensive on the Western front during World War I. In 1940, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pays tribute to the Royal Air Force, saying, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few." In 1953, the Soviet Union publicly acknowledges it has tested a hydrogen bomb. In 1955, hundreds of people are killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria. In 1964, President Johnson signs a nearly $1 billion anti-poverty measure. In 1994, Benjamin Chavis Jr. is fired as head of the NAACP after a turbulent 16-month tenure.
August 20, 1980: Crash tests indicate that American-made small cars are generally structurally stronger and safer than most foreign compacts, the Transportation Department reports.
Flames engulf a Saudi Arabian jetliner after it makes an emergency landing at Riyadh Airport, killing all 265 aboard.
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A 19-member Youth Conservation Corps crew spends the summer rebuilding the East Cohasset hiking and jogging trail in Mill Creek Park.
August 20, 1965: Representatives of the Ohio Department of Highways are bombarded with protests during a public hearing on the new alignment proposed for the Boardman Expressway (Interstate 680). North Lima residents are worried that the present state Route 7 interchange will be closed after the I-680 interchange opens.
A Cleveland judo instructor is in the Mahoning County Jail after federal agents conducted a raid on an Ashtabula farmhouse where moonshine was being produced. Seventeen gallons of liquor was confiscated and 200 gallons of mash was destroyed.
Two teenage Mercer High School graduates are electrocuted when they come in contact with a high-tension wire while painting windows from a scaffold at the school. Dead are Gordon Livenspire, 18, and Robert L. Hennigan, 19.
August 20, 1955: Youngstown City Council appropriates $85,000 for purchase of land needed to widen South Avenue. Two councilmen, Anthony B. Flask and Michael J. Dudash, oppose the appropriations, saying some residents whose porches will be left abutting the road are being treated unfairly.
Local 1617, United Steelworkers of America, representing employees at the General Fireproofing Co., nominates Howard W. Hague for international union vice president during a contentious meeting that was adjourned by Tony Traficant, local president, after fights broke out.
Furious floods rip through seven northeastern states, killing at least 107 people. Pennsylvania has 51 known dead and 70 missing, including 40 in East Stroudsburg, where 14 buildings in a Pocono Mountain camp were washed away.
August 20, 1930: Deep secrecy is being maintained by Mahoning County Prosecutor Ray L. Thomas and a state examiner as they pore over the payroll books for the Mahoning County Board of Elections.
Plans to convert W. Commerce Street into a retail district rather than a wholesale district are announced by Mayor Joseph L. Heffernan.
President Hoover is told by Eldridge R. Johnstone, Morristown, N.J., industrialist, that high wages are the medium to snap the nation out of its business depression.