Today is Thursday, Aug. 18, the 230th day of 2005. There are 135 days left in the year. On this date in 1846, U.S. forces led by Gen. Stephen W. Kearny capture Santa Fe, N.M.
In 1587, Virginia Dare becomes the first child of English parents to be born on American soil, on what is now Roanoke Island, N.C. In 1894, Congress establishes the Bureau of Immigration. In 1914, President Wilson issues his "Proclamation of Neutrality," aimed at keeping the United States out of World War I. In 1920, Tennessee becomes the 36th state to ratify the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees the right of all American women to vote. In 1938, President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Thousand Islands Bridge connecting the United States and Canada. In 1954, during the Eisenhower administration, Assistant Secretary of Labor James E. Wilkins becomes the first black official to attend a meeting of a president's Cabinet as he sits in for Labor Secretary James P. Mitchell.
August 18, 1980: Defending America's role in the Vietnam War as "a noble cause," Republican Presidential nominee Ronald Reagan calls for massive rebuilding of U.S. military forces and denounces President Carter for "betrayal" of the nation's veterans.
The hunt for the Titanic 380 miles off the coast of Newfoundland is suspended because of heavy seas. The research ship H.W. Fay found an object on the ocean floor that is believed to be the ship, but crews were unable to get TV cameras to the site to confirm the find.
The family of Mr. and Mrs. F. Thomas Zimmerman is named Mahoning County's outstanding urban family and that of Mr. and Mrs. Charles J. Zimmerman is named the outstanding farm family for the 1980 Canfield Fair.
August 18, 1965: Nathaniel C. Lee, president of the Youngstown and Ohio branches of the NAACP, calls for an investigation into the death of Theodore Robinson, who was shot during a scuffle with Herman Spahr, the Youngstown Chamber of Commerce's law enforcement specialist.
Plans have been approved for a new science building for Youngstown University to cost $1.7 million. The building will be named the Ward Beecher Science Hall.
Sharon Steel Corp. is showing off progress on its $52 million expansion program that will make its Roemer Works one of the most modern and efficient in the steel industry and open some of the industry's most lucrative markets to the company.
August 18, 1955: The Mahoning County Health Department plans a general reinspection of the county home, covering plumbing, sanitary, food service and other facilities.
Charles "Little Mosco" Falzone, one of the nation's 10 most wanted men, is arrested by FBI agents in New Bedford, Pa., living under the name James LaValle. He was wanted for kidnapping and robbing two fellow employees in New York of $6,000 in 1947. Police found a cache of 15 pistols, seven rifles and a shotgun in his home.
A new military code calls on every captured fighting man to withstand enemy pressure to the utmost and to avoid at all costs disclosure of vital military information and disloyalty to his country or comrades. The code holds to the loftiest ideals of bravery, but recognizes that "any man can be broken if enough pressure is put on him," says Gen. John E. Hull.
August 18, 1930: More than 200 men, women and children are safely evacuated from the Nixon Theater in Robinson Road, Campbell, after fire breaks out in the projection room.
Over the objections of Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. and Bethlehem Steel Corp., a hearing on an injunction being sought to block the merger of the two companies resumes in the courtroom of Judge David Jenkins in Youngstown.
Work of tunneling under the Mahoning River and through Mill Creek to lay pipe for the Mahoning Valley Sanitary district is underway, says W.H. Dittoe, chief engineer for the MVSD.