Today is Sunday, Aug. 14, the 226th day of 2005. There are 139 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, President Truman announces that Japan has surrendered unconditionally, ending WWII.
In 1848, the Oregon Territory is established. In 1917, China declares war on Germany and Austria during World War I. In 1935, the Social Security Act becomes law. In 1947, Pakistan becomes independent of British rule. In 1951, newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst dies in Beverly Hills, Calif. In 1969, British troops arrive in Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics. In 1973, the U.S. bombing of Cambodia comes to a halt. In 1980, workers go on strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, Poland, in a job action that results in the creation of the Solidarity labor movement. In 1980, President Carter and Vice President Walter Mondale are nominated for a second term at the Democratic national convention in New York. In 2003, a huge blackout hits the northeastern United States and part of Canada; 50 million people lose power.
August 14, 1980: Dams at Berlin Reservoir in Mahoning County and on the Shenango River in Mercer County, Pa., are high on the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers priority list as potential sites for hydroelectric power plants.
If President Carter expects to win over Ohio delegates who are clinging to Sen. Edward Kennedy, he must dedicate himself to minority planks in the party platform when he accepts the nomination, Vindicator staff writer Bertram de Souza writes from the Democratic National Convention in New York.
Water pressure for Youngstown's East and North sides, including three hospitals and numerous businesses, returns to normal after a waterline break that brought a dramatic drop in pressure for nearly 12 hours.
Lordstown Village Council passes an ordinance banning the building of houses with wooden basements and foundations in the village. Only one such house has been built in Trumbull County, a home in Cortland that was constructed in 1974. The technique uses treated lumber and plywood.
August 14, 1965: Continuing disruptions in sewer line installations to General Motors' new Chevrolet-Fisher Body assembly plant in Lordstown may postpone occupancy of the huge facility.
Municipal Judge Martin P. Joyce fines an Arlington Street man $500 and sentences him to six months in jail on charges of driving while under suspension and driving without a license.
Mrs. Icea Amelia Lottier, 85, who has been active in St. Andrewes AME Church for 58 years, is honored for her service to the church, her civic service and her role in seeing that all five of her children received college educations.
In the 20 years since the end of World War II, the Gross National Product tripled from $214 billion in 1945 to an estimated $660 billion in 1965. The American people produced goods and services valued at $8 trillion during those two decades.
August 14, 1955: By the end of summer, more than 1,000 Boy Scouts will have enjoyed the facilities of Camp Stambaugh, which is celebrating its 36th year of operation. The camp on Leffingwell and Tippecanoe roads was established in 1919.
The Great Lakes region -- the rich manufacturing section comprised of the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin -- has become the nation's No. 1 industrial region as a result of industrial dispersal since World War II.
An attempt to form a union within a union has taken root in Youngstown and is spreading throughout the nation. The union would represent about 800 employees of the United Steelworkers of America, including nearly 500 staff representatives.
August 14, 1930: Work on the new YMCA school building at 410 Wick Ave. will begin in the fall with an expenditure of $200,000, James L. Wick, chairman of the expansion committee, announces. The building will be of English Tudor style, designed to harmonize with other public buildings on Wick. Ave., and will contain 14 classrooms, a library, laboratories and an auditorium.
A crowd of thousands watch as 60 Youngstown firemen and 30 volunteers battle a spectacular fire that gutted two West Commerce Street buildings. Loss to the Tapestry Shop and the Armour & amp; Co. buildings is estimated at $150,000.
Dr. H.E. Welsh, Youngstown health commissioner, warns residents to boil then refrigerate any water they are uncertain about before drinking it in an effort to avoid typhoid. The drought has reduced the water supply to a point so low as to increase the prospects for the disease.
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