Today is Friday, Aug. 12, the 224th day of 2005. There are 141 days left in the year. On this date in 1944, Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., eldest son of Joseph and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, is killed with his co-pilot when their explosives-laden Navy plane blows up over England.
In 1867, President Andrew Johnson sparks a move to impeach him as he defies Congress by suspending Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. In 1898, the peace protocol ending the Spanish-American War is signed. In 1898, Hawaii is formally annexed to the United States. In 1915, the novel "Of Human Bondage," by William Somerset Maugham, is first published. In 1953, the Soviet Union conducts a secret test of its first hydrogen bomb. In 1960, the first balloon satellite -- the Echo 1 -- is launched by the United States from Cape Canaveral, Fla. In 1962, one day after launching Andrian Nikolayev into orbit, the Soviet Union also sends up cosmonaut Pavel Popovich; both men land safely Aug. 15. In 1972, the last American combat ground troops leave Vietnam. In 1978, Pope Paul VI, who had died Aug. 6 at age 80, is buried in St. Peter's Basilica. In 1985, the world's worst single-aircraft disaster occurs as a crippled Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 on a domestic flight crashes into a mountain, killing 520 people.
August 12, 1980: James Hazlett, saying he wants more time to himself, resigns after 17 years as chief of the Austintown Police Department. At his request, he is returned to the rank of captain, taking a pay reduction from $22,000 to $20,351.
The Youngstown Board of Control awards a contract for collection of refuse on the city's South Side to Browning-Ferris Industries.
Winds clocked at 58 mph sweep through Warren, causing heavy damage to trees throughout the city. Mayor Daniel Sferra appeals to residents with chainsaws to assist city crews in cutting up and clearing felled trees.
August 12, 1965: Ford Motor Co. becomes the first automaker to preview one of its 1966 lines, unveiling a new four-wheel drive vehicle called the "Bronco." It will come as a sporty roadster, a roomy wagon or short-roof utility vehicle.
Surveys are underway for a $3.5 million widening of Ohio Route 45, the main Salem-Warren highway adjacent to the new General Motors Corp. plant at Lordstown.
About 2,000 people sing, dance and reminisce at the 58th annual Old Timers Day at Cascade Park in New Castle.
August 12, 1955: Searchers are combing through the wreckage of buildings in Andover searching for more bodies following a devastating explosion and fire at a downtown restaurant. Twenty bodies have been recovered and 16 of those have been identified.
American Ambassador John E. Peurifoy and his son, Daniel, 9, are killed instantly when the ambassador's Ford Thunderbird collides head-on with a truck on a narrow bridge 125 miles south of Bangkok.
Striking employees at Harvell Manufacturing Corp. in Hubbard will vote on a settlement offer that adds 2 cents an hour to the basic steel settlement. The 110-member unit walked out Aug. 1. The company manufactures housewares.
August 12, 1930: Nearly 2,000 pupils will be housed in 39 portable buildings and curtailed or half-day sessions will have to be resorted to in some of the other buildings when Youngstown schools open Sept. 2. Enrollment has been increasing, with 36,634 boys and girls enrolled at the same time that budget restraints have brought a staff cut of 60 teachers.
Under the merger of the Buffalo, Iowa and Ohio Lutheran Synods into the American Lutheran Church ratified in Toledo, eight churches in the Youngstown district with a total membership of 2,060 are united.
Thirty-five of the 40 monkeys kept at the preserve in Idora Park escape while workmen are doing repairs. Most are believed to be frolicking in the trees of Mill Creek Park, but one was found at Diamond's farm, six miles from the park.