Today is Thursday, Aug. 11, the 223rd day of 2005. There are 142 days left in the year. On this date in 1965, rioting and looting that claim 34 lives break out in the predominantly black Watts section of Los Angeles.
In 1860, the nation's first successful silver mill begins operation near Virginia City, Nev. In 1909, the SOS distress signal is first used by an American ship, the Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, N.C. In 1934, the first federal prisoners arrive at the island prison Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay. In 1942, during World War II, Vichy government official Pierre Laval publicly declares that "the hour of liberation for France is the hour when Germany wins the war." In 1956, abstract painter Jackson Pollock dies in an automobile accident in East Hampton, N.Y. In 1962, the Soviet Union launches cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev on a 94-hour flight. In 1978, chiefs of state and foreign dignitaries arrive in Vatican City for the funeral of Pope Paul VI. In 1984, President Reagan jokes during a voice test for a paid political radio address that he has "signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes." In 1992, the Mall of America, the biggest U.S. shopping mall, opens in Bloomington, Minn.
August 11, 1980: About 100 members of a tour group that was supposed to leave the Youngstown Municipal Airport for Las Vegas are left waiting when their plane never arrives. Joseph Leonard, an assistant Mahoning County prosecutor who handles consumer fraud, is investigating.
Receiving awards at the 18th annual Appreciation Day luncheon of the Youngstown branch of the NAACP are the Rev. Elizabeth Powell of World Fellowship Interdenominational Church, Carajonelle Gooden of Union Baptist Church and Walter Hogan and Evelyn Seay Jackson of Third Baptist Church.
Four Ohio delegates pledged to President Carter say they would vote in favor of an open convention being proposed by Sen. Edward Kennedy's forces, thus shifting the state delegation's support to Kennedy.
August 11, 1965: Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. buys 96 acres in Poland Township for $32,000 in a sheriff's sale. The property is adjacent to land already owned by the company on U.S. 224 between Struthers-New Middletown Road and Clingan Road and there are no immediate plans for its use.
The Agriculture Department says a variety of factors, including higher prices on the international market, are responsible for food prices increasing 10 percent over a period of a year in the United States.
A record low temperature of 46 for the date is recorded at the Youngstown Municipal Airport.
August 11, 1955: An explosion and fire kills at least 20 people and injures 22 others and damages or destroys six buildings in the village of Andover during a violent rain and electrical storm. The explosion occurred in a building housing the Gateway Restaurant and an Isaly store on Route 7.
The department of commerce allocates $20 million for improvements at the nation's airports, but the Youngstown Airport will not get a share. City Engineer James C. Ryan said Youngstown is working on its application for funds for a number of improvements.
Unions representing employees in Youngstown's street and water departments present their pay demands to Mayor Frank X. Kryzan, seeking raises of $45 per month.
August 11, 1930: County farm agents estimate that losses to the summer drought will total $4 million in Mahoning, Trumbull and Columbiana counties.
The war on "ambulance chasing" will be reopened in Youngstown with the reassembly of the citizen's committee that was organized in 1928 to fight the causes of high automobile liability insurance rates in the city.
Work is nearing completion on the Holy Trinity Church building of the Serbian Eastern Orthodox Congregation on Second Street. The building cost is $40,000.