Today is Wednesday, Aug. 10, the 222nd day of 2005. There are 143 days left in the year. On this date in 1846, Congress charters the Smithsonian Institution, named after English scientist James Smithson, whose bequest of $500,000 had made it possible.
In 1821, Missouri becomes the 24th state. In 1874, Herbert Clark Hoover, the 31st president of the United States, is born in West Branch, Iowa. In 1921, Franklin D. Roosevelt is stricken with polio at his summer home on the Canadian island of Campobello. In 1944, during World War II, American forces overcome remaining Japanese resistance on Guam. In 1945, during World War II, Japan announces its willingness to surrender provided that the status of Emperor Hirohito remains unchanged. In 1949, the National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense. In 1969, Leno and Rosemary LaBianca are murdered in their Los Angeles home by members of Charles Manson's cult, one day after actress Sharon Tate and four other people are slain.
August 10, 1980: More than 150 paintings from 28 states are selected from more than 2,000 entries for the 44th annual Midyear Show at the Butler Institute of American Art. "Seated Figure and a Plant" by Steven Bigler of Cedar Falls, Iowa, is purchased for the Butler collection by the Friends of American Art.
Youngstown area delegates to the Democratic National Convention are arriving in New York City, divided on whom they want to be the standard-bearer of their party, but ready to stand by the commitments they made in the primary election to either President Carter or Sen. Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts.
More than 50,000 people attend the air show at the Youngstown Air Reserve Base, seeing a flying demonstration by the Thunderbirds and touring a giant C-5A Galaxy transport plane that can carry a payload of up to 214,000 pounds.
August 10, 1965: Construction of the huge West Branch Reservoir runs into an unexpected problem, a slippery clay base that is creating tricky engineering problems and increasing costs nearly $900,000.
Bids will be let for a 6-mile section of state Route 11, the Lake to River Freeway, between Canfield and Route 18 east of Austintown Center.
Testimony during an elections board hearing reveals that two Youngstown policemen were involved in circulating petitions for the candidacy of Atty. Joseph Donofrio, who is seeking to unseat Youngstown Municipal Court Judge Don L. Hanni Jr.
August 10, 1955: Youngstown crime lab technicians are seeking to discover who left a stick of dynamite and a blasting cap on the porch of Joseph Bardinello at 491 Catalina Ave.
Folks in Boardman and Austintown who suffer from low water pressure on hot days could have plenty of water for baths, washing dishes and even sprinkling their lawns if they do those things at between 2 a.m. and 3 a.m., suggests Luther A. Fawcett, chief engineer for the MVSD.
The Mahoning County Home is facing a $15,000 deficit and Welfare Director I.L. Feuer suggests the home discontinue its herd of dairy cattle, which is costing more than it brings in.
August 10, 1930: Youngstown police are hunting two young bandits who held up Lewis Williams at the Thornton Laundry Co. on Belmont Avenue, escaping with about $990 in cash and several hundred dollars in checks.
The helping hands of the federal government and the nation's railroads reach out to assist the drought stricken farmers with reduced freight rates as President Hoover and the American Red Cross keep constant tab on the situation with a view to extending further relief.
Natural gas, the infant public utility, is bursting out as one of the greatest utilities of them all and the Youngstown area will be the beneficiary, providing millions of dollars worth of steel pipe for the industry. Cities that never burned natural gas before are burning it now or will shortly.