Today is Tuesday, Aug. 9, the 221st day of 2005. There are 144 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, three days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, the United States explodes a nuclear device over Nagasaki, killing an estimated 74,000 people.
In 1790, the Columbia returns to Boston Harbor after a three-year voyage, becoming the first ship to carry the American flag around the world. In 1848, the Free-Soil Party nominates Martin Van Buren for president at its convention in Buffalo, N.Y. In 1854, Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden," which describes his experiences while living near Walden Pond in Massachusetts. In 1902, Edward VII is crowned king of England following the death of his mother, Queen Victoria. In 1930, a forerunner of the cartoon character Betty Boop makes her debut in Max Fleischer's animated short "Dizzy Dishes." In 1965, Singapore proclaims its independence from the Malaysian Federation. In 1969, actress Sharon Tate and four other people are found brutally murdered in Tate's Los Angeles home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his disciples are later convicted of the crime. In 1974, President Nixon's resignation takes effect. Vice President Gerald R. Ford becomes the nation's 38th chief executive.
August 9, 1980: Warren agrees to terms for a $3.5 million Urban Development Action Grant to the city for the Commuter Aircraft Corp. plant planned at the Youngstown Municipal Airport.
A cannon-like devise on a float being tested for the homecoming parade in Brookfield seriously injures a Sharon man, his two daughters and two other people. The float was entered in the parade by the Mercer County unit of La Societe des 40 Hommes et 8 Chevaux, an American Legion group that takes its name from the World War I box cars that carried 40 men and eight horses.
Gary Dyer and his father, Jack, return to their North Lima home after completing an 8,660-mile motorcycle trip to Alaska. The trip was a gift for Gary's 16th birthday.
August 9, 1965: Mahoning County sheriff's deputies join with police officers along the Ohio Turnpike from Eastgate to Lorain County in a probe of a gang burglarizing cars parked at turnpike exits.
Two Boy Scouts from Shaker Heights, Ohio, are killed when a canoe under which they sought shelter from a rainstorm is struck by lightning in Canada. Dead are James R. Tritton, 17, and Charles Levitt, 12.
Mrs. Mary E. Simon, 48, of Boardman is killed and her husband, Gilbert, 49, is injured in a two-car crash near Clear Springs, Md.
August 9, 1955: It's a good time to buy a car and Youngstowners are taking advantage of closer dealer margins to buy cars in record numbers, but dealers say that while they're selling cars, they are "working for peanuts."
Residential growth in Youngstown since 1950 has been the most rapid in the Kirkmere and Brownlee Woods sections, says Israel Stollman, city planning director.
Advertisement: Al Wagner scores another first: For the balance of August, safety seat belts will be installed free in all new 1955 Plymouths and DeSotos.
August 9, 1930: Myron Wick Jr., 38, one of the plaintiffs in the Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube-Bethlehem Steel merger trial, dies of pneumonia at 38. He was a partner in the brokerage firm of Wick & amp; Co. and trustee of the estate of his father, Myron C. Wick Sr. The merger hearing in the courtroom of Judge David Jenkins has been suspended.
Irene Shrader and W. Glenn Dague, convicted of the murder of Pennsylvania Patrolman Brady Paul in New Castle, are denied an appeal for a new trial and are sentenced to die in the electric chair by Judge R.L. Hildebrand.
Stephen DeM. Gage, nationally known sanitary engineer, will make a thorough survey of the Mill Creek Park lakes with a view to permitting bathing if possible.