Today is Thursday, Aug. 4, the 216th day of 2005. There are 149 days left in the year. On this date in 1944, Nazi police raid the secret annex of a building in Amsterdam and arrest eight people, including 15-year-old Anne Frank, whose diary became a famous Holocaust-era account.
In 1735, a jury acquits John Peter Zenger of the New York Weekly Journal of seditious libel. In 1790, the Coast Guard has its beginning as the Revenue Cutter Service. In 1792, English romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley is born in Field Place, England. In 1830, plans for the city of Chicago are laid out. In 1892, Andrew and Abby Borden are axed to death in their home in Fall River, Mass. Lizzie Borden, Andrew Borden's daughter from a previous marriage, is accused of the killings, but acquitted at trial. In 1914, Britain declares war on Germany while the United States proclaims its neutrality. In 1916, the United States purchases the Danish Virgin Islands for $25 million. In 1964, the bodies of missing civil rights workers Michael H. Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E. Chaney are found buried in an earthen dam in Mississippi. In 1977, President Carter signs a measure establishing the Department of Energy. In 1985, two milestones are reached in major league baseball as Tom Seaver of the Chicago White Sox gains his 300th victory and Rod Carew of the California Angels gets his 3,000th hit. In 1995, Croat forces launch a massive attack on breakaway Serbs in their self-proclaimed capital of Knin.
August 4, 1980: A tornado causes damage at Sheakleyville, Pa., east of Greenville, but no human injuries. Two horses owned by John Kopta Jr. are killed.
The Internal Revenue Service has decided not to bother sending tax cheaters to jail unless they cheat in a big way, the National Law Journal reports.
A Cairn terrier, Ch. Rogerlyn Sea Hawk's Salty Sam, is selected best-in-show at the 42nd annual Mahoning Shenango Kennel Club show at Canfield Fairgrounds. The dog is owned by Betty Hyslop of Ontario, Canada, and handled by Robert L. Krohne.
August 4, 1965: U.S. District Judge Paul Jones, one of Youngstown's most distinguished native sons, who observed his 42nd anniversary on the bench, dies at his home in Shaker Heights. At 82, he was the oldest active U.S. district judge in the nation.
Representatives of all four Youngstown hospitals agree to meet with a subcommittee of the Youngstown Human Relations Commission, but spokesmen for the Youngstown Hospital Association, St. Elizabeth's, Youngstown Osteopathic and Woodside Receiving Hospital maintain that they are complying with state and federal civil rights laws.
President Lyndon B. Johnson asks Congress for $1.7 billion in additional funds to increase U.S. military strength in Vietnam.
August 4, 1955: U.S. Rep. Michael J. Kirwan says the recently completed congressional session was the most difficult of the 19 in which he's been involved. He notes that Democrats gave President Eisenhower substantial support in enactment of 85 percent of the president's program.
Winds of gale force rip through Canfield and Boardman townships, leveling hundreds of trees and disrupting power and telephone service to more than 500 homes.
August 4, 1930: Local aeronautical interests are being marshaled in an attempt to unite efforts with the U.S. Department of Commerce and the National Aeronautical Association to obtain a model airport for Youngstown.
An attempt by a group of youths to raid a cache of liquor one of them found in a vacant lot in Oneta St. ends with the shooting death of Steve Mondalk, 19, of Salt Springs Road. A 24-year-old Oneta St. man is accused of shooting Mondalk through the breast with a 22-caliber rifle. He said he fired only to scare the youth away.
Resumption of work in many Michigan automobile plants, including Ford plants that have recalled 100,000 workers, brings an increase of business for Youngstown's steel mills.