Today is Tuesday, Aug. 2, the 214th day of 2005. There are 151 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, President Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee end the Potsdam conference.
In 1776, members of the Continental Congress begin attaching their signatures to the Declaration of Independence. In 1876, frontiersman "Wild Bill" Hickok is shot and killed while playing poker at a saloon in Deadwood, Dakota Territory. In 1923, the 29th president of the United States, Warren G. Harding, dies in San Francisco. In 1934, German President Paul von Hindenburg dies, paving the way for Adolf Hitler's complete takeover. In 1939, Albert Einstein signs a letter to President Roosevelt urging creation of an atomic weapons research program. In 1943, during World War II, Navy boat PT-109, commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy, sinks after being rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri off the Solomon Islands. In 1964, the Pentagon reports the first of two attacks on U.S. destroyers by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin. In 1980, 85 people are killed when a bomb explodes at the train station in Bologna, Italy. In 1985, 137 people are killed when a Delta Air Lines jetliner crashes while attempting to land at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. In 1990, Iraq invades Kuwait, seizing control of the oil-rich emirate. (The Iraqis are later driven out in Operation Desert Storm.)
August 2, 1980: The rejection by Youngstown voters of a quarter-percent increase in the city income tax will bring layoffs in city government within two months. The increase, which would have financed pay increases of 10 percent that were negotiated with city employees, failed by a vote of 9,213 to 8,116.
Three Mahoning Valley delegates to the Democratic National Convention, all loyal to President Jimmy Carter, attend a pre-convention briefing day in Washington, D.C. Attending are Russell J. Saadey of Austintown, Florence Vitullo of Canfield and J. Walter Dragelevich of Liberty.
August 2, 1965: Three youths are injured by lightning at the Eastwood Golf Course east of Warren. In fair condition at Trumbull Memorial Hospital are Thomas Grainer, 20, of Niles, and Anthony Bianco, 19, and Francis Stowe, 20, both of Warren.
A Girard pilot is injured and the amphibian airplane he was flying badly smashed when it crashes into trees near Lansdowne Airport as the pilot sought to avoid hitting nearby houses. Richard J. Mason, 40, was flying a Republic Seabee, a four-passenger plane with the pusher-type engine located behind and above the cabin.
August 2, 1955: A 15,000 pound batch of titanium alloy billets is shipped by the Mallory-Sharon Titanium Corp. of Niles to produce forgings for a new type jet engine to power military aircraft. The new alloy can be used at temperatures of up to 750 degrees Fahrenheit.
An Ohio State University group completes an 11-month study of how Ohio is caring for its bad boys and girls and issues a 500-page report saying the state's industrial schools for unruly youth appear to be more concerned with custody and punishment than in turning out desirable citizens.
August 2, 1930: Lake Newport is probably more contaminated than Lake Glacier, Dr. H.E. Welch, city health commissioner, declares after being informed of a movement to have the lake opened for bathing.
Arthur O. Williams Jr. of East Providence, R.I., is chosen by Thomas A. Edison from among the brightest boys of every state to receive the inventor's second annual college scholarship.