Today is Monday, Aug. 1, the 213th day of 2005. There are 152 days left in the year. On this date in 1790, the first United States census is completed, showing a population of nearly 4 million people.
In 1873, inventor Andrew S. Hallidie successfully tests a cable car he had designed for the city of San Francisco. In 1936, the Olympic games open in Berlin with a ceremony presided over by Adolf Hitler. In 1944, an uprising breaks out in Warsaw, Poland, against Nazi occupation, a revolt that lasts two months before collapsing. In 1946, the Atomic Energy Commission is established. In 1957, the United States and Canada reach agreement to create the North American Air Defense Command. In 1966, 25-year-old Charles Joseph Whitman shoots and kills 15 people at the University of Texas before he is gunned down by police. In 1981, the rock music video channel MTV debuts. In 2000, a U.S. military court in Germany sentences Army Staff Sgt. Frank Ronghi to life in prison without parole for sexually assaulting and killing Merita Shabiu, an 11-year-old ethnic Albanian girl, while on peacekeeping duty in Kosovo. In 2004, the federal government warns of possible Al-Qaida terrorist attacks against specific financial institutions in New York City, Washington and Newark, N.J.
August 1, 1980: Gov. James A. Rhodes vetoes a bill calling for the establishment of a high speed rail test track between Warren and Ashtabula. Rhodes objected to a possible eventual cost of $6 billion to $10 billion to complete a high speed system in the state.
Western Reserve Transit Authority workers are working on a day-to-day basis after expiration of their contract The authority's 118 workers agree to stay on the job if contract talks are productive.
Republican presidential candidate Ronald Reagan, giving a rare peek at his finances, releases documents showing he had an income of $515,878 in 1979, on which he paid $230,146 in federal income taxes and $32,050 in state income taxes.
August 1, 1965: Walter H. Paulo, retired chief executive of Isaly Dairy Co., is honored at a party by the men and women who work at the plant. More than 300 attended the event at the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.
Besides providing health care for citizens 65 and over, the new Medicare and Social Security law will give a $5.9 million annual boost to the economy of the five counties in the greater Youngstown area.
While traffic deaths in Youngstown and Mahoning County have skyrocketed to near record levels, the highway safety picture in Warren and Trumbull County is not nearly so bad. Trumbull County has had 28 traffic fatalities while Mahoning County has had 45.
August 1, 1955: Two Mahoning County boys are killed in a traffic collision in Ontario, Canada. Elvin Witmer, 16, and Lester Martin, 16, died in a head-on crash about 140 miles north of Toronto. The boys were on a fishing trip with friends.
The second hottest July on record in the Youngstown district comes to a stifling close. The average mean temperature for the month was 75.3 degrees, three degrees higher than normal.
The Ohio State Highway Patrol begins a recruiting drive for 100 new men, which will bring the strength of the patrol to 700.
August 1, 1930: Archbishop Edward A. Mooney, just returned to Youngstown from India, is in a Cleveland hospital where he was taken with an attack of acute bronchitis. His condition is reported as very good.
The Victor Oslon Contracting Co., which had a contract calling for completion within 90 days, finishes the job of widening and paving Market Street in just 23 days.
July 1930 was nearly the hottest month on record in the Mahoning Valley, falling 1.9 degrees below the 1916 record month, which saw one day when temperatures reached 108 degrees. A new record was set for drought, however, with total rainfall during the month totaling just 1.48 inches, compared to an average of 4.45 inches.
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