Today is Friday, April 29, the 119th day of 2005. There are 246 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, during World War II, American soldiers liberate the Dachau concentration camp; the same day, Adolf Hitler marries Eva Braun and designates Adm. Karl Doenitz his successor.
In 1429, Joan of Arc enters the besieged city of Orleans to lead a victory over the English. In 1861, Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from the Union. In 1862, New Orleans falls to Union forces during the Civil War. In 1916, the Easter Rising in Dublin collapses as Irish nationalists surrender to British authorities. In 1946, 28 former Japanese leaders are indicted as war criminals. In 1974, President Nixon announces he is releasing edited transcripts of some secretly made White House tape recordings related to Watergate. In 1983, Harold Washington is sworn in as the first black mayor of Chicago. In 1992, deadly rioting erupts in Los Angeles after a jury in Simi Valley, Calif., acquits four Los Angeles police officers of almost all state charges in the videotaped beating of Rodney King. In 1995, rescue workers in Oklahoma City continue the grim task of searching for bodies and pulling debris from the bombed-out Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, where the remains of more than 120 of the 168 victims have been recovered. In 1996, former CIA Director William Colby is presumed drowned by authorities in Maryland after an apparent boating accident; his body is later recovered.
April 29, 1980: Youngstown residents awaken to a smoky atmosphere and pungent odor, which the National Weather Service at Youngstown Municipal Airport attributes to a windless night and a temperature inversion over the city.
The Boardman Board of Education announces an impasse in contract negotiations with its teachers. The board is offering a basic starting salary of $10,773; the Boardman Education Association is asking $12,600.
Tens of thousands of people are converging on Washington to a religious rally organized by television evangelists, which has been criticized by some organized churches for its political overtones. Rally planners say they are attempting to "call the national leadership back to God." Among the sponsors of "Jesus for Washington" are Jim Bakker, president of PTL Television; M.G. "Pat" Robertson, president of Christian Broadcasting Network, and evangelist Rex Humbard.
April 29, 1965: General Motors reports the biggest profit ever made by a corporation in the first quarter. Its $636-million profit for the first three months of 1965 was $100 million above the record it had set a year earlier and overshadowed record earnings that were also reported by Chrylser and Ford.
Davis S. Ives, associate professor of Greek and Humanities at Youngstown University, is named chairman of the department of ancient languages at the university.
Refusing to bow to pressure from 150 persons at a special meeting, the Jackson-Milton Board of Education stands by its decision not to rehire high school principal Mary Lou Lauban and elementary principal Chester Hurd.
April 29, 1955: Youngstown police believe the savage beating death of Fred J. Mackey, 57, a foreman at the Brier Hill Works of Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co., was done by scrap metal thieves. Questioning of 35 blast furnace workers uncovered no grudges between Mackey and his men.
The architectural firm of Scheibel & amp; Shaffer of Youngstown is hired to design Mahoning County's new $900,000 jail and office building.
Premier Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam declares victory in the 24-year civil war with the Binh Xuyen Society. There are still reports of scatted fighting between Diem's American-support army and the rebels.
April 29, 1930: Prison guards and National Guardsmen fire on scores of Ohio Penitentiary inmates who joined in open mutiny and surged against the door leading to their cell block. Two volleys of shots made the prisoners retreat to their cells. Two prisoners were wounded, one most likely fatally.
Persons who wait for the South Avenue and Market Street buses in front of the Mahoning County Courthouse will have to continue carrying umbrellas; county commissioners refuse to permit the Youngstown Municipal Railway Co. to erect canopies over the sidewalk in front of the courthouse.
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