Today is Sunday, April 24, the 114th day of 2005. There are 251 days left in the year. On this date in 1800, Congress approves a bill establishing the Library of Congress.
In 1792, the national anthem of France, "La Marseillaise," is composed by Capt. Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle. In 1877, federal troops are ordered out of New Orleans, ending the North's post-Civil War rule in the South. In 1898, Spain declares war on the United States after rejecting America's ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba. In 1915, the Ottoman Turkish Empire begins the brutal mass deportation of Armenians during World War I. In 1916, some 1,600 Irish nationalists launch the Easter Rising by seizing several sites in Dublin. In 1962, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology achieves the first satellite relay of a television signal, between Camp Parks, Calif., and Westford, Mass. In 1968, leftist students at Columbia University in New York begin a weeklong occupation of several campus buildings. In 1970, the People's Republic of China launches its first satellite, which keeps transmitting a song, "The East is Red." In 1980, the United States launches an abortive attempt to free the American hostages in Iran, a mission that results in the deaths of eight U.S. servicemen.
April 24, 1980: The Standard Oil Co. of Ohio boasts that it has the lowest gasoline prices in the nation, yet its profits continue to soar. First quarter profits are up 169 percent from the same quarter in 1979.
The mayor, the police chief and the fire chief, the director of public works and the dog enforcement officer will continue to have 24-hour use of city cars in New Castle, but 12 other city officials, including four in the police department, are losing theirs.
April 24, 1965: The first two meetings conducted by the Youngstown Urban Renewal Department on design for the first project in the Central Business District indicate that most of the businessmen involved wish to remain in Youngstown after the UR work is complete.
Some 250 students at Ohio State University conduct a sit-in to protest a rule limiting campus appearances by controversial speakers. The administration canceled an appearance by Herbert Aptheker on a Marxist analysis of the civil rights movement.
Building permits are requested from the Youngstown Building Inspection Department for a $174,000 A & amp;P Supermarket at Cornersburg and a $125,000 plant for Roll, Die and Mold Decorators Inc. on N. Meridian Road.
April 24, 1955: State Sen. Charles J. Carney, Youngstown Democrat, will meet with Gov. Frank J. Lausche on a $3 million appropriation to provide Salk polio vaccine without charge for all Ohio children between 8 and 12 years of age.
The Christmas Seal X-ray bus was used by 13,702 persons in Mahoning County in the first three months of 1955. Of 2,933 X-rays taken in March, 77 showed persons with suspected tuberculosis, 22 persons with heart abnormalities and 12 with other lung and chest conditions.
Labor unions and building material firms are praised for their part in making possible the new $100,000 Cerebral Palsey Center at 209 W. Woodland Ave.
April 24, 1930: Some 2,000 convicts being held in temporary quarters after a fire at the Ohio Penitentiary threaten a revolt unless they are released from their cramped quarters immediately. A handful of guards watching over the prisoners were removed from harm's way and the National Guard is put into place, prepared to squelch any revolt.
A blinding snowstorm sweeps through Youngstown, leaving pavements covered with an icy glaze and rooftops covered in snow.
Joseph Litwin of North Jackson, Park Nichols of Boardman and Samuel Christy of Youngstown South get the highest scores in countywide scholarship tests in math, history, civics and English.
John K. McEvoy, secretary to Mayor Joseph Heffernan, issues an order to arrest independent taxicab operators who are running their cabs without insurance in violation of a Youngstown ordinance.
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