Today is Friday, April 22, the 112th day of 2005. There are 253 days left in the year. On this date in 1889, the Oklahoma Land Rush begins at noon as thousands of homesteaders stake claims.
In 1509, Henry VIII ascends the throne of England following the death of his father, Henry VII. In 1864, Congress authorizes the use of the phrase "In God We Trust" on U.S. coins. In 1930, the United States, Britain and Japan sign the London Naval Treaty, which regulates submarine warfare and limits shipbuilding. In 1944, during World War II, U.S. forces begin invading Japanese-held New Guinea with amphibious landings near Hollandia. In 1954, the televised Senate Army-McCarthy hearings begin. In 1964, President Johnson opens the New York World's Fair. In 1970, millions of Americans concerned about the environment observe the first "Earth Day." In 1983, the West German news magazine Stern announces the discovery of 60 volumes of personal diaries purportedly written by Adolf Hitler. However, the diaries turn out to be a hoax. In 1993, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum is dedicated in Washington, D.C., to honor the victims of Nazi extermination. In 1994, Richard M. Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, dies at a New York hospital four days after suffering a stroke. He was 81.
April 22, 1980: Allegheny Commuter, which began seven daily flights between Youngstown and Pittsburgh only three weeks ago, plans to add an eighth flight June 1.
Niles Municipal Judge Charles Zubyk sues various Niles city officials and police department personnel seeking to prevent cuts in his 1980 court budget and to prevent police from filing charges under state statutes instead of city ordinances. Police have been filing charges for several weeks under state statutes, an action the denies the municipal court its fees.
Liberty Police disperse more than 100 Liberty students who staged a walkout protesting the termination of three high school teachers' contracts by the Board of Education.
The U.S. Department of Labor has turned down a request to extend Trade Readjustment Act benefits for 750 laid-off workers at the Brier Hill Works of Jones & amp; Laughlin Steel Corp.
April 22, 1965: More than 5,000 Rotarians and their wives arrive in Salem for the annual two-day conference of District 665 of Rotary International. Events will be held at the Salem Golf Club, Salem Senior High School, St. Paul Catholic School, the Masonic Temple and the Memorial Building.
The Shriver-Allison Co. Funeral Home purchases the Handel Funeral Home at 292 W. Madison Ave. for $90,000 and will spend $140,000 to redecorate and expand it with a chapel.
The Ohio Board of Regents unveils a master plan for state-assisted colleges to meet the bulk of Ohio's expanding higher education needs.
The direction of one-way traffic in Hazel and Phelps streets is ordered reversed by Youngstown City Council to accommodate new downtown traffic plans and left turns from the Downtown Loop.
April 22, 1955: Greyhound Lines will discontinue local morning and afternoon bus service in Wickliffe if its patronage suffers because of bus service extension into the suburb by Youngstown Municipal Railway Co.
The check-off system for union employees at the Mahoning County Home has been in use illegally for several months, but will be discontinued. State law prohibits union dues being automatically taken out of a man's pay by public institutions.
For the first time since 1885, Niagara Falls is without a Maid of the Mist. The two famed cruise ships that take tourists to the base of the falls are destroyed by fire while in dry-dock.
A working scale model of the giant 12,000-ton extrusion press being built for the Air Force by the Lombard Corp. of Youngstown is a feature attraction at a meeting of the Youngstown Section, American Society of Mechanical Engineers at the Youngstown Maennerchor.
April 22, 1930: Elmer T. McCleary, 51, of 1621 Fifth Ave., Youngstown, president of the Republic Steel Corp. which is undergoing reorganization, dies in North Side Hospital of complications following minor surgery. The cause of death was peritonitis caused by a ruptured intestine.
Fire sweeps through the Ohio penitentiary in Columbus, killing 317 convicts, many of them trapped in their cells. Gov. Cooper launches an investigation to determine the cause of the fire and why locked-in prisoners were not liberated in time to escape. At least 11 prisoners from Mahoning County are known to be among the dead.
The population of Struthers has almost doubled during the last 10 years, rising to 13,654, preliminary census figures show.