Today is Thursday, April 21, the 111th day of 2005. There are 254 days left in the year. On this date in 1789, John Adams is sworn in as the first vice president of the United States.
In 1649, the Maryland Toleration Act, which provides for freedom of worship for all Christians, is passed by the Maryland assembly. In 1836, an army of Texans led by Sam Houston defeats the Mexicans at San Jacinto, assuring Texas independence. In 1910, author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, dies in Redding, Conn. In 1918, Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the German ace known as the "Red Baron," is killed in action during World War I. In 1940, the quiz show that asks the "64-dollar question," "Take It or Leave It," premieres on CBS Radio. In 1955, the Jerome Lawrence-Robert Lee play "Inherit the Wind," loosely based on the Scopes trial of 1925, opens at the National Theatre in New York. In 1960, Brazil inaugurates its new capital, Brasilia, transferring the seat of national government from Rio de Janeiro. In 1972, Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explore the surface of the moon. In 1975, South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years in office.
April 21, 1980: Trumbull County Common Pleas Judge David Griffith issues a 14-day temporary restraining order barring Niles from laying off five policemen and five firemen.
Youngstown police are holding a 23-year-old East Side man in the shooting death of Edward Ellis, 27, an attendant at the Star Service Station, 1205 Wilson Ave.
The opening assault of Sen. Edward Kennedy's campaign to win Ohio delegates in the state's Democratic presidential primary is made in Youngstown with the arrival of Robert F. Kennedy Jr., the candidate's nephew.
April 21, 1965: The Mahoning County Medical Society unanimously agrees to ask the Ohio State Medical Association for a resolution urging its members not to participate in Medicare.
Residents of Youngstown and nearby areas serviced by the city water system are asked to limit their use of water for a week because of a major line relocation.
I.W. Abel has been elected president of the United Steelworkers Union, according to American Metal Market, the daily newspaper of the metals industry. The election was held in February, but the results have been in doubt.
April 21, 1955: Youngstown's National Guard units spring to the defense of the area against a simulate air attack in less than 30 minutes after a test alert was sounded.
The millionth vehicle to arrive at the Eastgate of the Ohio Turnpike is driven by William W. Brueckman, a Pittsburgh sales engineer on his way to Youngstown. He said the turnpike has saved him a half hour on the trip he makes regularly.
Youngstown Municipal Railway Co. will extend service to Wickliffe on a trial basis.
Youngstown Sen. Charles J. Carney of Youngstown proposes that the state finance free Salk polio vaccine inoculations for all Ohio children 12 or under.
April 21, 1930: A check of Youngstown banks and stores reveals that there was a greater volume of business during Easter week shopping than in the same week in 1929. Bank clearings for the week were up by $1 million.
Joining hands with Mayor Joseph L. Heffernan, local business institutions send telegrams to Warner Bros., New York, urging them to award the contract for the new $1.2 million theater in W. Federal Street to Youngstown's contractors.
Forty men are arrested and others escape when Ohio and Pennsylvania police raid a cock fight at Beaver Creek, east of East Liverpool. Forty game roosters valued at $1,000 and a large quantity of liquor were confiscated.