Today is Friday, April 15, the 105th day of 2005. There are 260 days left in the year. On this date in 1912, the British luxury liner Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic off Newfoundland, less than three hours after striking an iceberg. About 1,500 people die.
In 1861, three days after the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter, President Lincoln declares a state of insurrection and calls out Union troops. In 1865, President Lincoln dies, several hours after being shot at Ford's Theater in Washington by John Wilkes Booth. Andrew Johnson becomes the nation's 17th president. In 1945, during World War II, British and Canadian troops liberate the Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen. In 1945, President Roosevelt, who had died April 12, is buried at the Roosevelt family home in Hyde Park, N.Y. In 1980, existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre dies in Paris at the age of 74. In 1989, 95 people die in a crush of soccer fans at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England. In 1990, actress Greta Garbo dies in New York at age 84. In 1995, in his weekly radio address, President Clinton asks Congress to protect a short list of key legislation, saying he is giving the highest priority to welfare reform, targeted tax cuts and a crime bill preserving the assault weapons ban.
April 15, 1980: U.S. District Judge Thomas D. Lambros deals a final blow to the plans of 3,500 Mahoning Valley steel workers by dismissing an antitrust suit against U.S. Steel Corp. that was aimed at reopening the Ohio Works and McDonald Mills.
The Ohio Independents for Survival files a new petition in Washington asking the U.S. Department of Energy for an order that would force Sohio to raise its pump prices by 12 cents a gallon. Sohio has been able to undercut other retailers because of its access to Alaskan oil.
Dustin Hoffman wins an Oscar for his role in "Kramer vs. Kramer" and Sally Fields wins for her portrayal of a union militant in "Norma Rae." "Kramer" won five major awards, including best picture.
April 15, 1965: The uphill struggle of Youngstown area leaders to pull the community out of its economic doldrums is described at length in a Wall Street Journal story.
As the centennial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln arrives, H.W. Divilbliss, 52, of Arlene Avenue, Youngstown, is showing people his copy of the April 15, 1865, New York Herald which reported the attack on the president and his death.
Concelebration of the Mass of the Holy Chrism by 12 monsignori with Auxiliary Bishop James W. Malone is held for the first time in St. Columba Cathedral before almost 1,000 persons. Concelebration, when more than one priest offers the sacrifice of the Mass, was restored to the Latin Rite by Vatican Council 11.
April 15, 1955: A long-range continuous advertising campaign to sell the public on the greater benefits of shopping and buying downtown is advocated in a report to the Retail Merchants Board of Youngstown. Buffalo, Dayton, Indianapolis and many other cities already have such programs, the report says.
Mrs. Clara Bixler Bode of New Knoxville, named Ohio's Mother of the Year, is well known to many in the Youngstown area and has two sisters, a brother and a daughter in the city. She and her husband, the Rev. Dietric A. Bode, were born in Youngstown and graduated from Rayen School in 1906.
The Salk vaccine has struck a tremendous blow against polio, but the March of Dimes must go on, says Robert Manchester, chairman of the Mahoning County Chapter of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. The local chapter provides thousands of dollars in direct aid to families stricken by polio.
April 15, 1930: M.F. Tighe, veteran president of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel & amp; Tin Workers of North America opens the first session of the 55th annual convention of the organization at the B.F. Keith Palace in Youngstown with a warning to workers that mergers lead to bigger corporations with greater power and that leads to autocracy.
Youngstowners voting in the Literary Digest poll by a vote of more than three-to-one are against strict enforcement of Prohibition, and more than a third favor repeal.
The Mahoning Coal Railroad Co., over which thousands of tons of iron ore pass annually from Ashtabula Harbor to Youngstown steel mills, is given an income tax refund of $949,472 under a ruling in Cleveland by federal Judge Paul Jones.