Today is Tuesday, April 12, the 102nd day of 2005. There are 263 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies of a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Ga., at age 63; he is succeeded by Vice President Harry S. Truman.
In 1934, "Tender Is the Night," by F. Scott Fitzgerald, is first published. In 1955, the Salk vaccine against polio is declared safe and effective. In 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man to fly in space, orbiting the earth once before making a safe landing. In 1981, the space shuttle Columbia blasts off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on its first test flight. In 1983, Chicagoans go to the polls to elect Harold Washington the city's first black mayor. In 1985, Sen. Jake Garn, R-Utah, becomes the first senator to fly in space as the shuttle Discovery lifts off. In 1989, radical activist Abbie Hoffman is found dead at his home in New Hope, Pa., at age 52. In 1989, former middleweight boxing champion Sugar Ray Robinson dies in Culver City, Calif., at age 67.
April 12, 1980: Youngstown Mayor George Vukovich abandons his campaign to wrest a $3.5 million federal grant for Commuter Aircraft Corp. from the city of Warren and announces that land at the Youngstown Municipal Airport will be available to the company.
The U.S. Department of Energy is drafting a rule change that would push up gasoline prices at Standard Oil Co. of Ohio stations by wiping out some of the special benefits Sohio gets on its Alaskan oil.
U.S. Judge Thomas D. Lambros issues an injunction stopping promotions in the Youngstown Police Department pending a hearing on a suit filed by Atty. E. Winther McCroom that claims minorities are not being appointed to or prompted in the Youngstown Police Department in sufficient numbers.
April 12, 1965: A terrifying barrage of tornadoes rages through a six-state area in the Midwest, killing at least 180 people, including 56 in the Toledo area.
Jose Manuel Flores, 19, of N. Forest Avenue, dies in St. Elizabeth Hospital of injuries suffered when he was struck by a car at S. Forest Avenue and Bruce Street. His condition was not regarded as serious when he was admitted to the hospital and the driver was released.
April 12, 1955: Youngstown is to be congratulated that the Air Force saw fit to expand at the Youngstown Municipal Airport, says Congressman Michael J. Kirwan. Mayor Frank X. Kryzan had resisted expansion of the air base at the airport.
A goal of planting 2,000 flowering crab trees planted in the Youngstown area is set by the Trees of Tomorrow Committee of the Youngstown Garden Forum.
The Salk polio vaccine is safe, effective and potent, it is officially announced by Dr. Thomas Francis Jr. of the University of Michigan, following tests.
Ward W. Mowry Jr., a native of Bridgeport, Conn. , has taken the new position of director of guidance and testing in the Mahoning County school system.
April 12, 1930: The merger of the Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. and Bethlehem Steel Corp. stands recorded on the company books as approved by 857,821 affirmative votes, which is 58,080 above the two-thirds majority that was necessary. The merger still faces court challenges and an investigation by the Department of Justice.
Edward O. Harris, principal of the Horace Mann School, is installed as president of the East Liverpool Teachers Association for another year.
The special class at Washington School, taught by Miss Rose Smith, is engaged in the fascinating project of making furniture suitable for a four-room doll house.
John Q. Stewart, associate professor of astronomical physics at Princeton University, believes that by the year 2050 man may travel to the moon. He estimates that by 1950, a speed of 1,000 mph will be possible, but that it will take another century to devise a means of traveling 50,000 mph, the speed necessary to make a trip to the moon.