Today is Wednesday, April 6, the 96th day of 2005. There are 269 days left in the year. On this date in 1909, explorers Robert E. Peary and Matthew A. Henson become the first men to reach the North Pole. (The claim, disputed by skeptics, is upheld in 1989 by the Navigation Foundation.)
In 1830, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints is organized by Joseph Smith in Fayette, N.Y. In 1862, the Civil War Battle of Shiloh begins in Tennessee. In 1896, the first modern Olympic games formally open in Athens, Greece. In 1917, Congress approves a declaration of war against Germany. In 1945, during World War II, the Japanese warship "Yamato" and nine other vessels sail on a suicide mission to attack the U.S. fleet off Okinawa; the fleet is intercepted the next day. In 1965, the United States launches the "Early Bird" communications satellite.
April 6, 1980: The Pittsburgh & amp; Lake Erie Railroad YMCA at 2685 Wilson Ave. closes, reflecting the passing of an era.
Mayor George Vukovich completes his first 100 days in office, which he describes as "three months have been filled with one problem after another."
The historic 114-year-old Rayen School building at 222 Wick Ave., where many of the community's most notable citizens were educated, is once again part of the public school system. Trustees of the Judge William Rayen estate transfer the deed of the building to the city school district. The building had been used for 35 years by Youngstown State University in various capacities.
April 6, 1965: United Airlines announces that it will buy or lease 144 new jets, mostly from Boeing Co., for $750 million. Among the planes are 40 Boeing 737s, 26 Boeing 727s and nine Douglas DC8s.
The Youngstown Council of Churches endorses fair housing legislation, the actions of President Johnson in handling the Alabama situation, and the Mayor's Human Relations Commission action in promoting the participation of local clergy in civil rights protests.
"My Fair Lady" wins eight Oscars at the 37th annual Motion Picture Academy Awards. The four top acting awards were won by foreigners, three of them Britishers.
April 6, 1955: County officials may have to find new quarters for housing prisoners if the old jail building is not torn down immediately and construction on a new one begun, Mayor Frank X. Kryzan Jr. warns. The city took in county prisoners several weeks ago, causing overcrowding conditions, but demolition of the county lock-up has not begun.
Wearing formal dress, including a top hat and polka dot bow tie, Sir Winston Churchill leaves No. 10 Downing St. for Buckingham Palace, where he tenders his resignation as prime minister to Queen Elizabeth. The queen names Sir Anthony Eden to replace Churchill.
April 6, 1930: Cyrus Eaton files suit in U.S. District Court in Cleveland seeking to enjoin a meeting of Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. stockholders and to enjoin the proposed merger of Bethlehem Steel Corp. and Sheet & amp; Tube.
"Outward Bound," the Broadway play by Sutton Vane, will open a three-day run at Youngstown's Playhouse. The local leading ladies are Miss Margaret Williams, Helen Streeter Lampe and Mrs. Paul Suter.
Mahatma Gandhi completes a 165-mile march from Ahmadabad to the sea at Jalalpur, where he and a small band of followers waded into the water and began the manufacture of salt from sea water. The act, while producing no edible salt, still accomplished Gandhi's aim -- defiance of a British law establishing a monopoly on salt manufacture.
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