Today is Monday, April 4, the 94th day of 2005. There are 271 days left in the year. On this date in 1968, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., 39, is assassinated in Memphis, Tenn.
In 1818, Congress decides the flag of the United States would consist of 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars, with a new star to be added for every new state of the Union. In 1841, President William Henry Harrison succumbs to pneumonia one month after his inaugural, becoming the first U.S. chief executive to die in office. In 1850, the city of Los Angeles is incorporated. In 1902, British financier Cecil Rhodes leaves $10 million in his will to provide scholarships for Americans at Oxford University. In 1945, during World War II, U.S. troops on Okinawa encounter the first significant resistance from Japanese forces. In 1945, U.S. forces liberate the Nazi prison camp Ohrdruf in Germany. In 1949, 12 nations, including the United States, sign the North Atlantic Treaty. In 1975, more than 130 people, most of them children, are killed when a U.S. Air Force transport plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashes shortly after take-off from Saigon. In 1983, the space shuttle Challenger roars into orbit on its maiden voyage.
April 4, 1980: The Packard Electric Division of General Motors indicates it will proceed with plans to gain corporate approval for a downtown Warren office building, but clamps a news blackout on any further progress reports in the matter.
Steven Masters is taken from Youngstown to the Columbus Correctional Facility -- the old Ohio Penitentiary -- to begin serving a life sentence for the murder of his wife.
During a campaign stop at a U.S.W. hall in Bethlehem, Pa., Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., accuses President Carter of reneging on a promise to protect the American steel industry from unfair foreign competition.
April 4, 1965: More than 2,000 persons on Youngstown's South Side are given free chest X-rays in a search for tuberculosis. The films will be read over two weeks and results mailed to the persons' homes.
Two children, Iris Tarver, 6, and Bridget Tarver, 1, die in a fire at the family's apartment in the Kirwan Homes project in Campbell.
Ernest E. Swartswelter, formerly of Youngstown and former president of Aetna Standard Engineering Co., dies in St. Francis Hospital, Pittsburgh.
April 4, 1955: Courthouse employees' political contribution under the guise of "flower funds" are criticized by Commissioner Edward Gilronan, the lone Republican county office holder, during a commissioners meeting. Democratic commissioners Fred Wagner and Thomas J. Carney deny knowledge of any such activity.
Ground is broken for a $150,000 wing that will be connected to the rear of the Struthers United Presbyterian Church.
Traction Commissioner E.L. Tennyson tells Youngstown City Council that the city should purchase the Youngstown Municipal Railway Co. and lease it to the best management that can be found. He says that would eliminate prohibitive taxes and interest rates and straighten out Youngstown's public transportation problems.
April 4, 1930: J.A. Campbell, chairman of the Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co., says his company has been under constant pressure from other companies wanting to merge and that he came to favor a merger with Bethlehem Steel Corp. and better for the company than a merger with Republic Iron and Steel or Cyrus Eaton's Inland Steel.
J.J. Richeson, superintendent of Youngstown schools and a member of the governor's tax committee, advises against retrenchment of taxes to the extent that it would hamper effective administration of local governments and the schools.
Delivery of business mail and even newspapers by radio is seen as a future possibility by engineers after a demonstration facsimile transmission of the complete front page of the San Francisco Call Bulletin to Schenectady, N.Y.