Today is Tuesday, July 16, the 197th day of 2002. There are 168 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, the United States explodes its first experimental atomic bomb, in the desert of Alamogordo, N.M.
In 1790, the District of Columbia is established as the seat of the U.S. government. In 1862, David G. Farragut becomes the first rear admiral in the U.S. Navy. In 1918, Russia's Czar Nicholas II, his empress and their five children are executed by the Bolsheviks. In 1951, the novel "The Catcher in the Rye" by J.D. Salinger is published. In 1964, in accepting the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry M. Goldwater says "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice" and that "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue." In 1969, Apollo 11 blasts off from Cape Kennedy on the first manned mission to the surface of the moon. In 1973, during the Senate Watergate hearings, former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield publicly reveals the existence of President Nixon's secret taping system. In 1980, former California Gov. Ronald Reagan wins the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit. In 1981, singer Harry Chapin is killed when his car is struck by a tractor-trailer on New York's Long Island Expressway. In 1999, John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, die when their single-engine plane plunges into the ocean near Martha's Vineyard, Mass.
July 16, 1977: The Youngstown Area Urban League is asking City Council to re-evaluate how it plans to spend the $2 million in anti-recession funds so that most is used to reduce unemployment.
The Civil Aeronautics Board gives the nation's major airlines an opportunity to bid on providing Youngstown to New York flights if they believe they can provide better service than United Airlines' present flight from Youngstown to New York via Pittsburgh.
State auditors report that Robert W. Barnett earned $88,548 from illegal public contracts with his relatives between 1972 and 1976, when he was Trumbull County's sheriff.
July 16, 1962: Safecrackers enter the office of Sealtest Foods Division of National Dairy Products Corp. at 715 Erie St., escaping with about $7.600 in cash and checks after drilling open two safes.
A hitchhiker reportedly from Youngstown and a 17-year-old girl are being sought by a posse in the killing of a city marshal and the wounding of a sheriff near Wakeeney, Kansas. First degree murder warrants are issued for Harry W. Bloomer, 30, and Shirley Nixon, 17, of Wilsonville, Neb.
Beaver Valley hands Mahoning Valley a 10-6 polo setback, dropping the Mahoning Valley team to 3 and 10 for the season. Stan Strouss scored four of the Mahoning Valley goals.
July 16, 1952: Ohio Bell Telephone Co. officials, acting on Youngstown Police Chief Edward Allen's description of "Sandy" Naples' Center Sandwich Shop on Wilson Ave. as a "major sore spot in gambling operations," will remove a pay phone from the shop.
George L. Oles, for 45 years one of the most colorful grocers in the city and a mayor of Youngstown for six months in 1922, dies in North Side Hospital. He was 80.
A motion by Francis Callan, a member of the Girard Board of Education, to remove a question asking for the applicant's religious affiliation from the city school district employment application, dies for lack of a second. Callan points out the question is a violation of a fair employment practice law passed by Girard City Council in 1951.
July 16, 1927: The skirl of bagpipes and the burr of Highland tongues fill the air at Idora Park as members of Clan MacDonald, Order of Scottish Clans, gather for their annual outing. About 3,000 Scots from many cities, far and near, attend.
The North Side Civic Association sets a goal of 5,000 members during a meeting at the Eagles Hall, Rayen and Holmes, attended by 250 men and women. Those attending vow to conduct a door-to-door canvass to build the association's membership.
The oldest deed ever record in Mahoning County is filed for the record to clear the title for 50 acres in Smith Township. The federal land grant is dated Nov. 1, 1811, and was signed by President James Madison and Secretary of State James Monroe. It is presented at the office of County Recorder C.M. Thomas.