Today is Tuesday, Nov. 13, the 317th day of 2001. There are 48 days left in the year. On this date in 1775, during the American Revolution, U.S. forces capture Montreal.
In 1789, Benjamin Franklin writes in a letter to a friend, "In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes." In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opens to the public, providing access between New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River. In 1940, the Walt Disney animated movie "Fantasia" has its world premiere in New York. In 1942, the minimum draft age is lowered from 21 to 18. In 1956, the Supreme Court strikes down laws calling for racial segregation on public buses. In 1971, the U.S. space probe Mariner 9 goes into orbit around Mars. In 1974, Karen Silkwood, a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Okla., dies in a car crash. In 1977, the comic strip "Li'l Abner" by Al Capp appears in newspapers for the last time. In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington. In 1985, some 23,000 residents of Armero, Colombia, die when a gigantic mudslide buries the city.
November 13, 1976: The operators of Youngstown's abortion clinic apply for a license, but they don't get it and likely will not before the first scheduled surgery, which is less than a week away.
The Youngstown Federation of Women's Clubs, Key Clubs of area high schools and service clubs from Youngstown State University will canvass Greater Youngstown for contributions to CARE.
Mrs. Marie E. Higgins, 79, past president of both the Youngstown Quota Club and Quota International, dies of a heart ailment in North Side Hospital.
James L. Daniell is named president of RMI Co. of Niles, succeeding John W. Price who is retiring after heading the titanium producers for 12 years.
November 13, 1961: Thirteen citations for gambling violations are issued by state agents against the Blue Jay Inn and Army-Navy Garrison 541, both in Youngstown.
"Prison is the next thing to hell - it is inhumane, degrading and expensive and should be replaced by a supervision program for convicted criminals," the Rev. Charles Dismas Clark of St. Louis tells a packed house at the Rayen School Auditorium.
Dick Ries, a McKinley High School senior, wins the Prince of Peace contest held during worship services at First Methodist Church of Niles. Paul King, a sophomore, is runner-up.
November 13, 1951: Robert A. Vogeler, assistant vice president of International Telephone and Telegraph, who was released in April after being held for 17 months by the Reds in Hungary is in Youngstown to address the Youngstown Chamber of Commerce annual dinner. Vogeler says appeasement of the Communists will only lead to World War III.
American representatives of the Romanian Orthodox Church will meet in Youngstown Thanksgiving Day to consecrate a new bishop whom they elected themselves, rather than accept one appointed by Romanian authorities.
About 100,000 marchers -- three-quarters of them schoolboys -- march in Alexandria in an anti-British demonstration marking the 31st anniversary of Egypt's bid for independence from British rule. They carry signs reading "Get out, you dirty British" and "No cooperation with English killers of women and children."
November 13, 1926: "Uncle Joe" Cannon, known as the Czar of the House during his long term as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, dies in Danville, Ill. He was 91.
A record crowd of more than 90,000 in Columbus -- the largest ever to gather in a stadium in America -- sees Michigan eliminate Ohio State from the Western Conference championship by just one point, 17-16.
Director of Youngstown Schools S.R. Creps says more than 20,000 persons attended & quot;Visitors Night & quot; at 50 city school buildings, all of which were "dolled up" for the occasion.