SUNBURNSymptoms: Red, sore, swollen or blistered skin, fever, headache.What to do: Take a shower to unclog pores. Apply moisturizer for dryness. See a doctor if blisters occur.
HEAT CRAMPSSymptoms: Heavy sweating, painful muscle spasms, usually in legs or abdomen.What to do: Apply pressure to or massage cramped area. Drink water unless nausea occurs.
HEAT FATIGUESymptoms: Feeling of weakness.What to do: Find shade or a cooler area. Drink water.
HEAT SYNCOPESymptoms: Faintness while exercising.What to do: Stop activity. Rest and find shade in a cooler area. Drink water.
HEAT EXHAUSTIONSymptoms: Fatigue; heavy sweating; pale, cold and clammy skin; cramps; dizziness, weak pulse; fainting; vomiting.What to do: Lie down in a cool, preferably air-conditioned place. Loosen clothing and apply cool, wet cloths. Drink water unless nausea occurs. Immediately see a doctor if vomiting occurs.
HEAT (SUN) STROKESymptoms: Body temperature higher than 106 degrees, hot, dry skin with little or no sweat, rapid pulse, possible unconsciousness.What to do: Call 911 or get to a hospital. Any delay can be fatal. Meanwhile, move to a cooler environment, such as a tub with cool water or an air-conditioned area, and remove clothing. Do not drink fluids.
Sources: Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Weather Service, Senior Health (http://seniorhealth.about.com)